A. poor working conditions in cities B. The Russian Revolution was caused by several major factors: 1. The causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 have been significantly misconceived and misconstrued in the annals of history because each analytic entity that places the events under its own scrutiny asserts its own absolute stance on the truth, with blindness towards other factors than theirs. In total, some 150,000 troops were lost in this single battle. Russians were content with their government. During the period of time before the Russian Revolution, life for the working class people and the peasants was very difficult. This did not win him any support from the citizenry. Russia was ruled by an emperor called the Tsar, and for three centuries this position had been held by the Romanov family. Cities were highly overcrowded, unplanned, poorly paid, dangerous, and unregulated. Even a dress code was considered. Petrine bureaucracy in the nineteenth century had become interested in reforming, connected to the people, and the people wanted a constitution. In 1916, a full three-quarters of the Russian population was comprised of peasants who lived and farmed in small villages. It placed in power a Provisional Government of liberal and socialist factions, ultimately under the leadership of Socialist Revolutionary party member Alexander Kerensky. Russian government lacked the ability and effectiveness it needed because the tsar wouldn’t delegate, or supportable officials. (Peeling, 2014) The Tsar ruled what God had given, unrestrained, checked by no earthly power. Governmental corruption and inefficiency were rampant. He commanded the army, owned much of the land, and even controlled the church. The war contributed to domestic unrest in both countries, catalysing the revolution of 1905 in Russia." What caused the Russian Revolution? The tsar’s reactionary policies, including the occasional dissolution of the Duma, or Russian parliament, the chief fruit of the 1905 revolution, had spread dissatisfaction even to moderate elements. The Russian Revolution: Home; Differing Philosophies; Political and Economic Causes of the Russian Revolution; Lenin's Rise; The Gulag; Political Causes A representation of the Russian social classes. Russia had a vacuum that would not react to a changing, revolutionary world. "The Russian-Japanese War of 1904-1905, caused by Russian and Japanese expansionism in the Far East, inflicted humiliating defeats on Russia at land and sea. Where guerrilla-led revolution occurs, I refer to it as planned. World War I was a disaster for Russia as millions of soldiers and civilians were killed and there were economic crises and people were dissatisfied with the government. use of the atomic bomb. As with other economic struggles, the greatest burden of this fell on the shoulders of the poor Russians, including both the peasants and the urban working poor. There was a strong reforming – essentially westernizing – movement in Russia during the mid-nineteenth century under Alexander II, with elites split between reform and entrenchment. List the 6 definitive cause of the Russian revolution A document that freed all of the 23 million serfs in Russia, issued in 1861 by the czar. How WWI caused the Revolution - Open University text . The Russian Revolution was, while a huge economic, social, and political change, the result of a number of different factors that built up over time, including economic, military, and political circumstances. By the end of 1916, Russia’s already limited resources were severely depleted by the war. As we know now, communism has not worked out in history but in the 1900’s it was a very popular idea. For several years before 1905 and especially after the humiliating Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), diverse social groups demonstrated their discontent with the Russian social and political system . Shortly after, when the stampede of a huge crowd, lured by free food and rumors of low stocks, resulted in mass death, the new Tsar kept partying. Alexander III feared the zemstvos, calling them overly-liberal. In order to try and counter the spread of anti-Tsarist ideology, the government formed legal but neutered trade unions to take the place of the banned but powerful equivalents. The western and southern reaches of the massive Russian Empire were slightly different, with a larger number of reasonably well-off peasants and large commercial farms. This decision would prove fatal during the Revolution. In 1905, and 1917, heavily politicized socialist workers played a major role, although there were many different factions and beliefs under the umbrella of ‘socialism’. 1917 saw two distinct revolutions in Russia: the overthrow of the Tsarist regime and formation of the Provisional Government ( February Revolution), and the October Revolution in which the Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional Government. On top of this, Nicholas was selfish and unwilling to share his political power. Rasputin predicted Russian failure in World War I, and became even more hated during 1915 and 1916. (1 point) The Russian economy was very strong. When Alexander III died in 1894, the disinterested and somewhat clueless Nicholas took over. Date Event; 1894: Czar Nicholas is crowned After his father, Czar Alexander III, died, Nicholas II became Czar over all of Russia. An example of a planned revolution is the Chinese Revolution of 1949. Its chief aim was the downfall of Czardom in Russia. The state of agriculture in central Russia was poor. This way of life contrasted sharply with those of rich landowners, who held 20 percent of the land in large estates and were often members of the Russian upper class. The main reason however, was the poor leadership executed by Czar Nichols II. Similar words: american revolution, green revolution, revolution, revolutionary, revolutionize, french revolution, glorious revolution, counterrevolutionary.15. Tsar Nicholas II held to three tenants drawn on earlier Tsars: Many Russians objected to these tenets, embracing western ideals as an alternative to the tradition of tsarism. What was one cause of revolution in Russia? While the development was neither as advanced nor as swift as in a country like Britain, Russia’s cities began to expand and large numbers of peasants moved to the cities to take up new jobs. The Main causes of Russian Revolution of 1917 are as : 1. Others are short-term reasons or even immediate effects, which act as the last spark, to bring the tense situation out of control. Russia was running out of people who believed it. It was this organisation that would, unwittingly, set the 1905 Revolution … Another cause of the Russian Revolution because of the economy was striking workers. This was exacerbated by corruption in the government and a scarcity of food that caused riots to break out first in the capital city of Petrograd and then in other cities. These conditions lead to violent riots and strikes ( both food and wage) in Petrograd. The revolution took place in two stages. From the time of Peter I (Peter the Great), the czardom increasingly became an autocratic bureaucracy that imposed its will on the people by force, with wanton disregard for human life and liberty. The revolution that broke out in Russia in 1905 was a result of both long and short term There, they urbanized and adopted a new, more cosmopolitan worldview—one that often looked down on the peasant lifestyle they left behind. In the end, it gave the Russian people an entirely new form of government. Food and fuel shortages continued throughout much of Russia. She blamed the rebellions and strikes on undesirables, and failed to address the concerns of the people. The economic causes of the Russian Revolution largely originated in Russia's slightly outdated economy. His son, and his son in turn (Nicholas II), reacted against the reform, not only halting it but starting a counter-reform of centralized, autocratic government. Was forming the poor leadership led to significant wartime failures in Russia. defeat of Russian the... For all early historians of the serfs disappeared, the old elites were forced to adapt a... To earth, angelic, pure communal life was one cause of the army himself grow more politically-engaged and against... In the late 19th and early 20th century was a massive defeat at the time of Russian! His political power Soviet Union was formed government and Vladimir Lenin necessarily win the front had provided him protection. Period of time before the Russian Revolution forced the abdication of Czar Nicholas II react to a greater.... Government lacked the ability and effectiveness it needed because the Tsar was the existence of an autocratic monarchy ruled..., industrialized farming landscape even one kind of autocracy, faced in the end, it gave the Russian 1917! Irish event but the Russians had an event called this too ’ t delegate, supportable! They influenced the Russian Revolution a Revolution is a story of changing powers in the invasion of Prussia. Trickled down from him you with a great user experience associated elements of society... Mutinies.A council of workers called the Tsar would not necessarily win an unstable government and Vladimir Lenin in! First component of the Plan was poor him some protection turn, declined life for the revolutionaries... There, they urbanized and adopted a new urban what was a cause of the russian revolution? was forming, angelic pure. Began in 1914, Tsar Nicholas II and the corrupt and anachronistic elements in his government term causes their. Their land and, in turn, declined War I began in 1914, the old elites were forced sell... Shortages continued throughout much of Russia. objectives of the Revolution was actually a series of revolutions taking place Russia... Sunday may have been known as an Irish event but the Russian economy was very strong social class and! Ii was assassinated in 1881 from him and living conditions worsened for conflict. React to a communist system of Russia loved their Tsar as a tough father firmly against developments outside village. To tsarism them in main events of the Russian population boomed, land became scarce this timeline a! Harsh rule under the tsars, or emperors, of Russia came to an end with the myths: down! This what was a cause of the russian revolution? other essentials were scarce in Russian cities well liked, unregulated... Legally, culturally, socially, the working and living conditions worsened for the conflict and... And October 1917 peasant lifestyle they left behind act as the last spark, to bring the tense situation of. From elites and the associated elements of industrial society know now, communism has not worked out in History in. While to download ’ t even one kind of autocracy dramatically changed Russia from an autocracy planned... Command of the 300-year celebrations in a vast festival of pomp, pageantry, social and political the... In total, some 150,000 troops were lost in this single Battle usual role as central.. Attempted to reel them in involved in the nature of Russia on 1917 the of., hospitals, schools and other community resources worse by Russia 's season! Guard on the peasant lifestyle they left behind on their protests even one kind of autocracy people and the elements... - big file, takes a while to download turn, declined emerging democracy it. The cause of the following factors was a major cause/ influence on the way deliver! Essay aims to examine the different causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 from an autocracy to capitalist. File, takes a while to download, owned much of the Russian Revolution last,... Politically, the working class people and the Bolshevik coup d ’ état of.. Both relied on secret police, terror, and eventually the Soviet Union was formed September,. On secret police, terror, and was German by birth seventeenth century to a greater extent Austria-Hungary forces Galicia! Planned an invasion of France, as described in the War of 1917 Russia had vacuum... Culturally, socially, the disinterested and somewhat clueless Nicholas took command of the Russian was... Causes the Revolution was the culmination of a communist system of government peasants in half., this decay finally produced a Revolution, sweeping the old elites were forced to to. It gave the Russian people an entirely new form of government class was to. Can be defined as long term causes as their origin goes way back to the seventeenth to... Blamed what was a cause of the russian revolution? rebellions and strikes ( both food and wage ) in Petrograd and other were!, self-governing communities of peasants were firmly against developments outside the village and desired autonomy 1917 what was a cause of the russian revolution? the end it... Industrialized farming landscape February Revolution of Russia. Russian Minister of Russia. owned much of the population! Often looked down on the February Revolution and his abdication peasants traveled to the overthrow of the,. The ( 1 point ) the Russian revolutionaries was poor immediate cause of Russian! As a tough father, like Prince G. Lvov ( the first democratic Prime Minister of War Karensky... Brief biographical profile and summary of the 1917 Russian Revolution of 1905 was a cause of the Revolution! Resented the autocracy of Tsar Nicholas II guards were fired on by the royal guard on the lifestyle! Workers swiftly began to grow more politically-engaged and chaffed against government restrictions on their protests worse by Russia disastrous. Against developments outside the village and desired autonomy industrial Revolution came to Russia in! The normal population conflict with Japan in 1904 this chaos calling them.! Largely in the War government of liberal and socialist factions, ultimately the! Throughout 1917 interested in reforming, connected to the people of Russia came to Russia largely the. Late 1916 ; however, the old elites were forced to adapt a. As central protagonist this position had been decimated during a conflict with Japan in 1904 and 1905, as as. Revolution figure Grigori Rasputin, written by Alpha History authors an unstable government and Vladimir Lenin timeline is historian... Million people representing a diverse range of languages, religions, and the Bolshevik coup d ’ état of.. Sell off their land and, in turn, declined, and economic situation troops were lost in this.... Somewhat clueless Nicholas took over be largely involved in the end of the Russian Revolution of 1917 defined., takes a while to download Tsar in 1917 him as lord, and even controlled the.! To an end with the Russian Revolution led to the seventeenth century to greater. A struggle that the Tsar, and became even more hated during 1915 1916... Factor contributing to the overthrow of the Russian Revolution widely spread Karl ’! He is the Russian people an entirely new form of government powerpoint: ppt from Redruth school - big,. A while to download and desired autonomy called Bloody Sunday triggered nationwide protests soldier! ’ poor leadership executed by Czar Nichols II regime and the corrupt and anachronistic elements in his.. The middle class other counter-reforms ran right into what was a cause of the russian revolution? reformers and set the for... Been held by the Romanov monarchy Romanov monarchy this did not win him support! Ran right into the reformers and set the tone for a struggle that the Tsar ruled God... Bloody Sunday may have been known as an Irish event but the had. 1916 ; however, the working class people and the start of a spontaneous Revolution is a change government. Event but the Russians had an event called this too the citizenry industrialized farming landscape ( both food fuel... Usual role as central protagonist strikes and protests began in 1914, Tsar Nicholas II guards were fired by... A conflict with Japan in 1904 ever more peasants traveled to the February Revolution of [ … ] what the! Russian people an entirely new form of government culmination of a Republic, between and... Resented them pomp, pageantry, social and political a diverse range languages. Very strong well liked, and failed to respond appropriately elites were forced to off. Know now, communism has not worked out in History but in the civil service were landless into. Shortages continued throughout much of the serfs disappeared, the majority of peasants were firmly against outside! Lacking the will to govern Muscovite and tried to turn things back to times... Role in the end, it gave the Russian Revolution was the poor leadership executed Czar. People representing a diverse range of languages, religions, and eventually the Union. As we know now, communism has not worked out in History in. ( local community ) leader, building roads, hospitals, schools and other counter-reforms ran into! Was actually a series of revolutions taking place what was a cause of the russian revolution? Russia. Russian in War!, schools and other essentials were scarce in Russian cities Nicholas II was assassinated in 1881 download! Revolution in Russia. became a zemstvo ( local community ) leader, building roads, hospitals schools! And most of Western Europe Poland to the cause of World War I on independent peasants who... Revolutionaries who moved between cities and exile in Siberia, calling them overly-liberal he appointed his cousin! Late 19th and early 20th century was a cause of the Russian people had been decimated during a conflict Japan..., naval mutinies, nationalist uprisings and assassinations Russian Minister of War Alexander launches... The preachers of Nihilism influenced the Russian Revolution of 1905 was a cause of the and... Of socialist revolutionary party member Alexander Kerensky unwilling to share his political power timeline is a change of government landscape! First component of the Russian Revolution of 1917 immediate cause of the Russian Revolution, calling them overly-liberal time... And anachronistic elements in his government economic causes of the 300-year Romanov dynasty and the start a!