Around 1,000AD, the … She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. The Dutch then strengthened their Bandanaira fortress, Fort Nassau. As these nutmeg plantations began to flourish, the price of this spice began to drop. HISTORY OF NUTMEG ESSENTIAL OIL The word 'Nutmeg' originates from the Latin nux and muscada (translating to 'musky nut'). Myristica fragrans is native only to the tiny Banda Islands of Indonesia, which are sometimes called the Spice Islands. Fresh dried herbs and spices in whole, ground and powdered form. In 1609, the Dutch coerced some Bandanese rulers into signing the Eternal Treaty, granting the Dutch East Indies Company a monopoly on spice trade in the Bandas. What is the difference between Madras Curry Powder vs. Curry Powder, Difference between ground red pepper and cayenne pepper. It could balance cold foods like fish and vegetables. Common Name: Nutmeg Nutmeg is a spice that has long been prized for its medicinal properties. They are certainly a fondly remembered part of Cambs rock history. Bloody wars have been waged over the control of this spice and many have died in an attempt to gain control of its production. Sizes for all needs from a few ounces to 25 pound bulk, MySpicer.com Nutmeg has a very interesting history, dating all the way back to the 1st century A.D. The origins, etymology, and the ingredients used to make original eggnog drinks are debated. Back then, nutmeg was such a precious commodity that traders would mix wooden replicas into sacks of nutmeg shipped to England. During the 6th century AD, nutmeg and mace were imported by Arab traders, and by the 12th century, they were well known in Europe. There is evidence that both nutmeg and mace were discovered as early as the 1st century A.D. when Roman author Pliny speaks of a tree bearing nuts with two flavors. The Portuguese did not have the manpower to physically control the islands, but they were able to break the Arab monopoly on the spice trade. 3850 Nome Street The First Treaty of Paris, which ended this phase of the Napoleonic Wars, restored the Spice Islands to Dutch control in 1814. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Nutmeg is native to Indonesia's Banda Islands. The nutmeg seed is egg shaped and the outer layer is used in making mace while the inner portion is ground into powdered form to become nutmeg. The Hidden History of the Nutmeg Island That Was Traded for Manhattan Dutch colonists committed genocide to secure a spice monopoly. However, during the Napoleonic Wars (1803-15), Holland became a part of Napoleon's empire and was thus an enemy of England. But there’s more to the story. And fewer still stop to consider the tragic and bloody history behind this spice. 07503666, with a registered office at 5 New Street Square, London, EC4A 3TW. From the seventeenth century onwards, the Dutch were responsible for some terrible massacres: they tortured and enslaved the inhabitants of the Banda Islands. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Dutch Empire: Three Centuries on Five Continents, Founding and History of the New York Colony, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. History Of Nutmeg. A popular spice in kitchens across the world, the nutmeg is derived from the nutmeg tree which also gives the mace spice. The first known use of the word "nog" was in 1693. As mentioned above, by the Middle Ages, wealthy people in Europe knew about nutmeg and coveted it for its medicinal properties. Nutmeg and mace have been used in Indian cooking and folk medicine. Nutmeg is hallucinogenic. The bloody era of the Spice Wars came to an end, and nutmeg took its place as an ordinary occupant of the spice-rack in typical homes... an occupant, though, with an unusually dark and bloody history. The Dutch brutally massacred all but about 1,000 of them; the survivors were forced to work as enslaved laborers in the nutmeg groves. Ancient Knowledge of the Nutmeg The nutmeg was known to the Ancient Chinese, Indian and Arabic before it was introduced to the Europeans in the 14th century, mainly used for medicinal properties. In fact, when taken in large enough doses nutmeg is a hallucinogen, thanks to a psychoactive chemical called myristicin, which is related to mescaline and amphetamine. View our Gluten Free Statement here or contact us with questions. Dried chiles, house blends and dried vegetables. Brief history of how the nutmeg had ended up in Europe, the other side of the world: Nutmeg was first introduced in Europe in 12th century by Arab traders and they were the suppliers of the spice to Europe until in 1512, Vasco de Gama claimed the Maluku islands for Portugal. It … N Nutmeg plantations flourished in the Tanglin and Claymore districts where hills were fashionably named after big plantation owners and peppered with their lavish country bungalows. The Portuguese ships filled their holds with nutmeg, mace, and cloves, all purchased for a reasonable price from the local growers. People have known about the interesting effects of nutmeg for centuries; the 12th-century abbess Hildegard of Bingen wrote about it, for one. In 1667, the Dutch and British came to an agreement, called the Treaty of Breda. Unit A On August 9, 1810, a British armada attacked the Dutch fort on Bandaneira. Traditionally, Arab, Indian, and Portuguese traders had offered much more practical items: silver, medicines, Chinese porcelain, copper, and steel. Nutmeg comes from the seed of the Myristica frangans tree, a tall evergreen species native to the Banda Islands, which are part of Indonesia's Moluccas or Spice Islands. Nutmeg has long been valued not only as a flavoring for food but also for its medicinal properties. Nutmeg® is a registered trade mark of Nutmeg Saving and Investment Limited, authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, no. Wealthy gentlemen would use nutmeg grinders to grind this spice into alcoholic drinks. The next spice we will take a closer look at in our History of Spice Series is Nutmeg. Nutmeg spice comes from the seed/pit of the fruit which grows on the nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans, an evergreen tree originally native to Indonesia. The British forces had to retreat from Ai to the even smaller island of Run. Emperor Henry VI spread nutmeg all over the streets of Rome before his coronation to create a sweet smelling environment. Nutmeg is considered to be one of the most tragic spices in history. Medicinal Uses The history of nutmeg is an extremely bloody one: following the Portuguese domination of the trade in the 16th century, Great Britain and the Netherlands fought for its control for centuries. A year later, the Dutch attacked again and besieged the British on Ai. Most people probably don't particularly wonder about its origins, no doubt - it comes from the spice aisle in the supermarket, right? Finally, the Portuguese simply bought their spices from middlemen in Malacca. A nutmeg (or tunnel, nut, megs, megnuts, panna, brooksy, codling) is a skill used mainly in association football, but also in field hockey, ice hockey, and basketball.The aim is to kick, roll, dribble, throw, or push the ball (or puck) between an opponent's legs (feet). It is a Natural Painkiller. One tree can produce 20,000 nutmegs in a season. Using these alleged violations as a pretext, the Dutch had forty of the local leaders beheaded. Nutmeg plantations sprang up in Singapore, Ceylon (now called Sri Lanka), Bencoolen (southwest Sumatra), and Penang (now in Malaysia). It was considered a very rare and precious ingredient for a long period of time. The Dutch settled down to enjoying their nutmeg monopoly for about a century and a half. Nutmeg earn a place in rock history as one of the “nearly bands”, who really deserved to make it. Unfortunately their memory could be swamped by the number of other Nutmegs. This seed (kernel) closely enwrapped by crimson-red, lacy or thread like arils known as "mace." According to the Oxford English Dictionary, nog was "a kind of strong beer brewed in East Anglia ". History The nut is the seed of an evergreen tree with the lovely name of Myristica fragrans. Traders from the Netherlands provoked the Bandanese by demanding spices in return for useless and unwanted goods, like thick woolen clothing and damask cloth, which was completely unsuitable for tropical climes. When the British defenders ran out of ammunition, the Dutch overran their position and slaughtered them all. Although a commonplace spice now found in the kitchens of practically every home, it boasts a long, deadly, and fascinating history. The known first mentions of nutmeg in history were in the 1st century AD, by a Roman writer named Pliny. As time passed, the middle class could now also enjoy this spice, not just the wealthy. Grinding and eating one nut will have an effect and generally makes you sick and nauseated. Europeans believed that nutmeg had the power to ward off viruses like the common cold; they even thought that it could prevent the bubonic plague. In folk medicine, nutmeg has been used to treat gastric disorders and rheumatism, and also as a hypnotic and an aphrodisiac. It was considered a very rare and precious ingredient for a long period of time. Bloody history behind nutmeg and mace. As of 2019 Grenada is the world’s second largest nutmeg producer after Indonesia. Seddon links the term to sneaky practices in the nutmeg trade in the 1870’s. The History Of Nutmeg. -The Nutmeg seed gets grated into a spice. Denver, CO 80239. The earliest evidence of nutmeg usage comes in the form of 3,500 year old potsherd residues from the island of Pulau Ai, one of the Banda Islands in eastern Indonesia. In fact, the Dutch actually traded the island of Manhattan, as part of the Treaty of Breda, with the British in order to keep control of the spice trade of nutmeg. 552016, registered in England and Wales, no. Nutmeg is a popular spice made from the seeds of Myristica fragrans, a tropical evergreen tree native to Indonesia ().. History. Regardless, what is certain is that China was one of the first countries to cultivate nutmeg outside of its native islands in … During their occupation of the East Indies, the British took nutmeg seedlings from the Bandas and planted them in areas under British colonial control. The Dutch also faced a threat from another European power - the British. Nutmeg can heal a lot of indigestion related issues such as constipation, heartburn, diarrhea, bloating, and stomach aches. By the sixth century, the spice had reached Byzantium, 12,000km away. "Nutmeg has been one of the saddest stories of history," explains culinary historian Michael Krondl. Grenada’s flag even depicts a nutmeg fruit. The word nutmeg comes from the latin word nux, which means nut, and muscat, meaning musky. Uh oh, that boy is about to get nutmegged! Nutmeg trees can live to 100 years of age and in one season each will yield up to 20,000 nutmeg pods. The history of nutmeg is remarkable and illuminating. In 1615, the Dutch invaded England's only foothold in the Spice Islands, the tiny, nutmeg-producing islands of Run and Ai, about 10 kilometers from the Bandas. "The spice very likely evolved here, and for centuries this was the only place it grew on the planet," wrote Oliver Thring for The Guardian. Most historians believe that the population of the Bandas was around 15,000 before 1621. Today, we sprinkle ground nutmeg on our espresso drinks, add it to eggnog, or mix it into pumpkin pie filling. This gave the British an excellent excuse to invade the Dutch East Indies once again and try to pry open the Dutch stranglehold on the spice trade. Piecing together the history of nutmeg can help frame how the global spice trade evolved later on. Nutmeg was fashionable among the wealthy because it was believed to induce hallucinations. Nutmeg has no proven medicinal value although there is some anecdotal evidence that it helps with indigestion, bad breath, depression and may act as a sleep aid. Nutmeg acts as a natural painkiller because of three of its characteristics.11 As a result, the spice was worth more than its weight in gold. Soon middle-class Asians and Europeans could afford to sprinkle the spice on their holiday baked goods and add it to their curries. Nutmeg was considered a "hot food" according to the theory of humors, taken from ancient Greek medicine, which still guided European physicians at the time. Items marked with the following symbol in the product description indicate that the product is inherently gluten free. READ NEXT: 19 Home Remedies to Get Rid of Indigestion Fast 2. The Guardian has a juicy story, thanks to the book Football Talk – The Language And Folklore Of The World’s Greatest Game by Peter Seddon. Later, Emperor Henry VI had the streets of Rome fumigated with nutmegs before his coronation. Description For the inhabitants of the Banda Islands, where the nutmeg trees grew, the Indian Ocean trade routes ensured a steady business and allowed them a comfortable living. In 1512, the Spanish finally discovered the location in the Banda Islands where all the world’s nutmeg grew. Wholesale herbs and spices and quality gourmet ingredients. Under its terms, the Netherlands relinquished the far-off and generally useless island of Manhattan, also known as New Amsterdam, in return for the British handing over Run. The British still had control of little Run Island, on the fringe of the Bandas. -Nutmeg is used in some curry powders. The inner kernel of the nutmeg seed can be ground into nutmeg, while the aril (the outer lacy covering) yields another spice, mace. Only a small group of traders knew where the spice was actually from and they sold it for very large sums. Time for … From there, they spread to Zanzibar, East Africa and the Caribbean islands of Grenada. It was a treasured spice, considered high currency for trade, and was even the cause of war; the Dutch conquested the Banda Islands, which ended in a massacre, to monopolize the nutmeg trade. Scientific Name: Myristica fragrans, Myristicaceae How To Use Nutmeg Needing more labor, the Dutch also enslaved and brought in people from Java and other Indonesian islands. Scientifically known as Myristica fragrans, the nutmeg tree is important for two spices derived from the fruit, nutmeg and mace. The history of nutmeg goes back to the 1st Century as evidenced in writings by Pliny, the Roman writer. A Dutch force of unknown size landed on Bandaneira, fanned out, and reported numerous violations of the coercive Eternal Treaty signed in 1609. The Banda Islands consist of eleven small volcanic islands, and are part of the larger Maluku Islands group. In 1621, the Dutch East India Company decided to solidify its hold on the Banda Islands proper. As much as they treasured nutmeg, however, people in Europe had no clear idea of where it came from. These islands were the only source of nutmeg and mace production until the mid-19th century. By early the next year, the Portuguese had extracted the knowledge from the locals that the Banda Islands were the source of nutmeg and mace, and three Portuguese ships sought out these fabled Spice Islands. Nutmeg was so popular in Europe during the plague and it was sought after by people who believed it could cure the ill effects. Many wanted to find the mysterious “Spice Islands” where nutmeg was grown. It was the Arab and Indian traders, however, who got very wealthy from selling the spice all around the rim of the Indian Ocean. Dutch plantation-owners took control of the spice orchards and grew wealthy selling their products in Europe at 300 times the production cost. The English word nutmeg comes from the Latin nux, meaning nut, and muscat, meaning musky. Like other spices, nutmeg had the advantage of being light-weight compared with pottery, jewels, or even silk cloth, so trading ships and camel caravans could easily carry a fortune in nutmeg. The Nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrans) originates from the secluded Banda Islands of Indonesia. During the 17th century, the Dutch waged a bloody war in order to gain control of the nutmeg production. The Dutch soon followed the Portuguese to Indonesia, but they proved unwilling to simply join the queue of spice shippers. In 1511, a Portuguese force under Afonso de Albuquerque seized the Molucca Islands. During their occupation of the East Indies, the British took nutmeg seedlings from the Bandas and planted them in various other tropical places under British colonial control. Today, Indonesia and Grenada are the primary producers and exporters of this spice. It is already stated that nutmeg is native to Banda Islands in Indonesia. After just a few hours of fierce fighting, the Dutch surrendered Fort Nassau, and then the rest of the Bandas. With the nutmeg monopoly broken, the price of this once-precious commodity began to plummet. According to Wikipedia: World production of nutmeg is estimated to average between 10,000 and 12,000 tonnes per year, with annual world demand estimated at 9,000 tonnes; production of mace is estimated at 1,500 to 2,000 tonnes. Nutmeg is a common ingredient in dessert dishes, and warm drinks. It could not restore the nutmeg monopoly, however - that particular cat was out of the bag. Nutmeg, though, has a rich and sometimes bloody history dating back to … Nutmeg was considered a "hot food" according to the theory of humors, taken from ancient Greek medicine, which still guided European physicians at the time. Nutmeg is considered to be one of the most tragic spices in history. If you have additional questions about any of our kosher products, please contact us. In August 1511, a Portuguese general named Afonso de Alberquerque conquered Malaccawhich … To control the nutmeg trade, the Dutch spice pirates employed a scorched earth policy that would have Napolean reminiscing about his … They took large amounts of this spice to Holland and stored it in a giant warehouse to keep control of distribution. The spice we know as nutmeg is the seed from the Myristica fragrans tree. -The actually nutmeg that is used for most things is inside the shell-When people harvested nutmeg they went through a process and separated every part of the nutmeg to use -Nutmeg is a seed that comes from a tropical tree. Nutmeg is a rare spice and, until the 19th century, it only grew on the 11 small volcanic Banda Islands. Historically, grated nutmeg was used as a sachet, and the Romans used it as incense. It entered Europe through the port of Venice, carried there by Arab traders who portaged it from the Indian Ocean across the Arabian Peninsula and into the Mediterranean world... but the ultimate source remained a mystery. Here endeth the geography and botany classes. It also works well in savory recipes. The nutmeg fruit, indeed, is a drupe about the size of an apricot which upon ripening splits up to reveal single, centrally situated oval shaped hard kernel famous as "nutmeg spice." Nutmeg is a widely used food spice that has received attention as an alternative hallucinogen. Britain counter-attacked the same day, though, killing 200 Dutch soldiers. Nutmeg was also baked into the pastries, pies, and cakes. Native to the Moluccas, also known as the Spice Islands of Indonesia, it has an interesting history and not all of it was as warm and fuzzy as pumpkin spice. Other Names: Jaiphal, Jatisasyya, Jatiphala. 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