Basically, we will focus on the question of what is literature, the multiple values of teaching literature in the classroom, how literature helps the student develop the basic skills (speaking, writing, reading), and the reasons for choosing this particular text and finally, … The teaching of English is highly desirable for a English teacher. And while books aren’t the only kinds of stories out there, they are one of the most important. Insist all student work ‘leaves the classroom’ and is published–then design units accordingly. x�b```f``�e`a`�a�g@ ~�+P�cLd�4Yk�r�[U���f� �������)�=�m�4��[o&��M�H�Ȧ- "2�|8�'�,���@�v���5`±;L��j�0�5� @����d�PX"d240{r �fC&Å@����������baڜ��G�@k������Eˍ�^���a� �S;�f�Cx0X20��2�0 N�J� General aims of teaching literature The learning objectives of literature component outlined by the Curriculum Development Centre cited by Cheng (2007) are as follows: 1) To instill and inculcate the reading habit among pupils. ∗ NOTES – Literature, particularly in a foreign language, is often seen as something remote and far removed from ‘ordinary’ language. Introduction. If students are to understand and participate in the culture to which they belong, they must first learn about the stories that culture has been built around. literature in LE is to encourage students to read and to experience the encounter with literature as personally enriching. Students who study literature and read for pleasure have a higher vocabulary, better reading comprehension, and better communication skills, such as writing ability. Why not just teach them what they need to know and send them on their way? And there are plenty of more recent novels that are just as well written. Allow students to choose media while you choose themes and/or academic and/or quality standards.. 5. In addition, exposure to literature can improve a student's comprehension and reading abilities and help them to identify literary devices, such as the concepts of rhythm and beats within writing. Literature serves as a valuable teacher and an example to students who are first learning to use written language to communicate with the world. According to Duff and Maley(1990), the main reasons for integrating these elements are linguistic,methodological and motivational. It’s more engaging to read a novel about another time or place than to learn about it in a lecture or from a textbook. It takes us to new places, different time periods. For example if you were studying economics, start by studying the early days of economic theory or … In order to teach English correctly and properly English teacher must know the aims and objectives of teaching English. They’ll see those words in context, learning their meanings passively rather than having to drill. We urge the study of history and literature because we believe they are important. One of the aims of this activity is to show that literature is not necessarily a language apart. When designing units, choose the media first, then the standards (yes, this likely goes against what you were taught–but give it a try). It is easy to be overwhelmed when faced with decades of research. Education is supposed to give students the tools they need to become a valuable part of society, and one such tool is the ability to think critically. Despite concerns about religion in schools, it is commonly taught in some form or another because it has so heavily influenced our culture. Literature serves this goal in a couple of ways. Teaching English Through Literature Murat Hişmanoğlu Abstract This paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both basic language skills ... Maley (1989:12) lists some of the reasons for regarding literature as a potent resource … The Diary of Ann Frank is a great example of this effect, since it exposes students American students to both a country and time period not their own (and most likely a nationality and religion as well). But you may not realize in just how many ways literature really does contribute to a child’s education. For this reason, it's hard to divorce literature from language. We want them to not just passively consume whatever is around them, but to analyze and criticize it as well. Criteria/st a ndards: - defined levels of accuracy, quality, quantity, time constraints o include special conditions that apply to the actual activity that the learner will perform Through literature, it is believed, students gain insight, develop a sense of understanding and toleration and experience new perspectives. Here are just a few reasons why literature is important. The kind of novel usually taught in the classroom is selected for its depth and for the way it transcends the obvious and the cliché. First and foremost, literature opens our eyes and makes us … You can also analyze its impact on society and the ways it compares and contrasts with other texts. %PDF-1.6 %���� endstream endobj 143 0 obj <>/Metadata 55 0 R/AcroForm 158 0 R/Pages 134 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 144 0 obj <>/Resources 159 0 R/Type/Page>> endobj 145 0 obj <>stream Many older works of literature are still taught primarily because of their authors’ way with language. Of course literature is important—why would it have such a central place in the curriculum if it wasn’t? You will study loads of different subjects within one degree. Having formed part of traditional language teaching approaches, literature became less popular when language teaching and learning started to focus on the functional use of language. Note - many of these older novels are available in the public domain. Yet it is important to review the modern literature AND the literature that provided the basis for the subject. By using literary text the language class can turn out to be lively and motivating. 2) To enrich pupils’ vocabulary and … In this way, literature can be a potential source of learner motivation. study aims atshow light to the role of teaching literature in developing the students vocabulary. They study literature with contingent faculty (adjuncts, lecturers, instructors) ... and very bright try to tell *me* why "we" teach literature. International Journal of Information and Education Technology Literature in a language classroom provides enough space for the learners to comment, justify and mirror themselves. 142 0 obj <> endobj When studying Literature, students can learn not only language aspects such as vocabulary items but also that language can be used for specific and aesthetic purposes. Many strong reasons for studying children’s literature are shaped by the objectives, values, beliefs, and salable skills of the discipline in which the coursework is seated, but all courses across the wide educational spectrum share elements that invite us to the study of children’s literature. Of course, to most educators these questions seem ludicrous. Linguistically,by using a wide range of authentic texts we introduce learners to avariety of types and difficulties of English language. Particularly during early-reading instruction, teachers who read literature in their class often aim to help students hone these all-important skills. The ability to the texts to nail these conditions gives them their ability to endure, so teach through that. Students who are encouraged to read have a more intimate knowledge of the ways in which language works, and so have an advantage when it comes time for them to write. the use of schema,strategies for intensive and extensive reading etc. This effect can even be made transparent by encouraging students to try writing in a particular book or author’s style. Even poetry, if we do not know it is … Literature educators in Singapore are working hard to turn things around, and to show their students that more than ever, we need literature Focus of This Paper This paper focuses on some creative techniques to promote the teaching-learning of English literature. It also encourages students to think critically, specifically for the discussing and thinking components. of Literature, Lazar (1993, pp. Why Study Children's Literature? And reading literature is a great way to build and enhance vocabulary. [Anna E McGovern] Creative Techniques of Teaching Literature 122 usually found in studying literature. Conducting a literature review is a means of demonstrating the author’s knowledge about a particular field of study, including vocabulary, theories, key variables and phenomena, and its methods and history.Conducting a literature review also informs the student of the influential researchers and research groups in the field (Randolph, 2009). Check out Project Gutenberg for access. World literature is a way of collecting those ideas in a way that reflects a specific group of people at a certain time in history. x�bbd``b`fe@��+�`� J��K2�0)a� �D0���@�)H���-�dAF10R����� � -* A questionnaire was used a questionnaire as a tool to collected data. It’s a goal of education to expose them to ideas from other cultures, to teach them about the histories and peoples of other times and places. In essence, this means that literature (like most of the best art) is powerful in its ability to hold up a mirror to the world and reveal to us truths about it–however brutal or beautiful–rather than merely to preach to us. Moreover, lecture -discussion was found to be the most effective strategy in the teaching of literature. Going back to the main question of this article - why is literature important? Zx��F��Ɖ�9؂����葋YDk�8��X+��^���Y�����i�+�ݢ_�)���&tG���L���ky�+-��| �. 1. 157 0 obj <<2986AFDBF00B064FAC21A460B4B5EBE7>]/Info 141 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/W[1 2 1]/Index[142 33]/DecodeParms<>/Size 175/Prev 179314/Type/XRef>>stream Communication skills affect people in every area of their lives, from navigating interpersonal relationships to participating in meetings in the workplace to drafting intraoffice memos or reports. Having a large and wide-ranging vocabulary is essential for a number of reasons. Novels such as The Great Gatsby, The Scarlet Letter, and The Catcher in the Rye are noted for their unique style and creativity with language. The use of literature in the ELT classroom is enjoying a revival for a number of reasons. singteach.nie.edu.sg An Institute of Big Idea issn 2010-1031 Supported by Teaching and Learning with Stories The number of students studying Literature has been declining since the 1990s. Familiarity with the concepts of beat, metre and rhythm can improve their own writing as students are able to appreciate and apply these ideas. The study of literature is historically associated with having the function of 2.1.1. Get this from a library! It is easy to be overwhelmed when faced with decades of research. when discussing the teaching of literature in the sense that teachers can use literature as a way to encourage and influence their students. Literature uses language in context. [caption id=”” align="aligncenter” width="600”]. Through this experience they learn what it was like to live in that time period, how the people talked and thought and acted. It is different from mother tongue. Literature is an ideal way to do this. There are specific dedicated subjects such as British and/or American studies relating to studying the literature to understand a country’s history and culture. Students should study literature to gain knowledge of the traditions and cultures associated with the time period in which the literature was produced. My reasons are not, ultimately, the reasons that the panelists offered. Here in Kenya, the Secondary school English syllabus recommends an Integrated approach to teach English. Huckleberry Finn, for example, puts students into the mind of a boy living in the south in the 1800s, letting them experience his life firsthand. To investigate the problem of teaching and learning literature .The study was used the decretive analytical method. ∗ NOTES – Literature, particularly in a foreign language, is often seen as something remote and far removed from ‘ordinary’ language. Studying English literature helps to sharpen your analytical skills. A questionnaire, Why Study Literature? Teaching Critical Thinking Education is supposed to give students the tools they need to become a valuable part of society, and one such tool is … 174 0 obj <>stream It helps us learn about the world around us. 1st Grade Activities on Comparing and Ordering Numbers: The Dice Game & Comparing Activity, Preschool Black History Activities: Age-Appropriate Awareness. When people speak they tend to use a fairly limited vocabulary, so the best way to become exposed to new words is to read. Through explorations of literature, students can immerse themselves in worlds unlike any they have seen before. The larger your vocabulary is, the more in depth and thoughtful discussions you can have on important topics and issues, both in and outside of the classroom. Because education is and should be about more than passing on dry information; it’s also about fostering critical thinking skills and an understanding of the world around us. Yet it is important to review the modern literature AND the literature that provided the basis for the subject. When you read you are being immersed in language, in the way it sounds and feels when put together in the right ways. This is, in part, due to the timelessness of the human condition. Expanding horizons. 4. Methodologically, literary discoursesensitises readers to the processes of reading e.g. Literature serves this goal in a couple of ways. endstream endobj Many novels encourage critical thinking on their own, due to the issues and themes they explore. Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 15:8 August 2015 Meenakshi H. Verma, Ph.D. A Stylistic Approach to Teaching Literature at the College Level 334 analyzes the features of literary language to develop students’ sensitivity to literature. 6. The use of literature in the ELT classroom is enjoying a revival for a number of reasons. If students have to do a task at every stage of a literature lesson, the pleasure can be lost. Literature serves as a valuable teacher and an example to students who are first learning to use written language to communicate with the world. Basically, we will focus on the question of what is literature, the multiple values of teaching literature in the classroom, how literature helps the student develop the basic skills (speaking, writing, reading), and the reasons for choosing this particular text and finally, … One of the aims of this activity is to show that literature is not necessarily a language apart. 1. Stories have been of central importance to the human race ever since it began, as far as we can tell. Due to the descriptive nature of a story, any novel will include plenty of words students have likely never seen or heard before. It helps with both writing and reading abilities, of course, but it also allows for more complex discourse. We study literature for the following reasons: 1. If you can take a text and find the themes plus connect it with other texts, theories and historical events, you are showing that you can handle complex ideas, search for patterns and interpret information in a wider context. Since literature is reflective of predominant political and philosophical principles of the time in which it is written, world literature is … Current books and movies, among other works, often reference older texts. Once students have read it once, you can set comprehension questions or ask them to explain the significance of certain key words of the text. But the number one way to become a better writer is to read often. And children and teens are particularly prone to this. Without a working knowledge of those older texts, you can’t understand the new ones as fully as possible. With centuries of literature to choose from, you will be able to find your specialisation, which will make writing those essays a whole lot easier. Many novels encourage critical thinking on their own, due to the issues and themes they explore. Having formed part of traditional language teaching approaches, literature became less popular when language teaching and learning started to focus on the functional use of language. One of the aims of teaching literature is to evoke interest and pleasure from the language. Literature holds up a mirror to the world Within the Academy’s English department and school-wide, we maintain the philosophy that art is descriptive, not prescriptive. Using novels, short stories, poems and other forms of literature to teach language, is an invaluable and enjoyable experience. 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