Hexavalent chromium compounds have no medical uses and are known as mutagens and carcinogens [26]. Typically, industrial workers exposed to hexavalent chromium on a daily basis develop lung cancer. Hexavalent chromium is harmful to the eyes, skin, and respiratory system. Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compounds are a large group of chemicals with varying properties, uses, and workplace exposures. Hexavalent chromium (chromium(VI), Cr(VI), chromium 6) is chromium in any chemical compound that contains the element in the +6 oxidation state (thus hexavalent).Virtually all chromium ore is processed via hexavalent chromium, specifically the salt sodium dichromate.Approximately 136,000 tonnes of hexavalent chromium were produced in 1985. Hexavalent chromium based conversion coatings have been in use for a very long time. Chromium occurs in the environment largely in two forms: trivalent chromium (chromium 3), which is an essential human nutrient, and hexavalent chromium (chromium 6), which is toxic. Chromium exists in several oxidation states, but the most stable and common forms are Cr(0), the trivalent Cr(III), and the hexavalent Cr(VI) species. The corrosion preventative properties of hexavalent chromium based conversion coatings cannot be overstated and have been well documented. Despite this difference, chromium is regulated in drinking water as “total chromium” at a level of 50 parts per billion. NIOSH considers all Cr(VI) compounds to be occupational carcinogens. The chemical is used in a number of industrial processes as well as for leather tanning, chromium plating, colored glass making and in paint pigments and inks that color plastics and fabrics and serve as corrosion-resistant coatings. The body can detoxify some amount ... chromium (VI) toxicity, for acute (short‐term) and chronic (long‐term) ... Julia Roberts drew widespread attention to Chromium‐6. Hexavalent chrome processes are … Long-term exposure can lead to asthma, lung cancer, or nasal and sinus cancers. Hexavalent chromium is considered a general carcinogen 1. Cr(0) is the metallic form, produced in industry and is a solid with high fusion point usually used for the manufacturing of steel and other alloys. This fact sheet focuses entirely on trivalent chromium. Respiratory tract (Inhalation damage to mucous membranes), perforation of septum (tissue between the nostrils of nose), lungs, eyes, skin, liver and kidneys are some examples. Chromium (III) is an essential element in humans. Chromium also exists as hexavalent (+6) chromium, a toxic by-product of stainless steel and other manufacturing processes [1,2]. Hexavalent chromium (Cr +6), in contrast, is toxic. 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