Pigments and chemicals are added for color and to improve ink quality. The cap, barrel, and ink tube are made of plastic, while the ballpoint and tip are made of metals. An ink follower composition for ballpoint pens which comprises (1) a hardly volatile liquid and (2) expansible synthetic mica having a quaternary ammonium ion introduced therein or an ink follower composition for ballpoint pens which comprises (1) a hardly volatile liquid, (3) synthetic mica, and (4) a thickener, and a ballpoint pen having the ink follower composition. Identification of dye content in colored BIC ballpoint pen inks by Raman spectroscopy and surface‐enhanced Raman scattering. HANDLING AND STORAGE Precautions for safe handling Appearance / Handling Odor Odorless Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. The ink used for ballpoint pens and fountain pens vary in ingredients. The solvent is a water containing water-in-oil-type organic solvent. Ballpoint inks are oil-based, while other inks are water-based. The sternal gland discharges pheromones when it presses against a substance (1). PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES Physical and Chemical Properties Physical state Solid _____ 1234262 - ball point pen black ink 7. https://sciencing.com/ballpoint-pen-ink-made-of-10036405.html Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. Between 1935 and 1939 25,000 ball point pens were produced in Europe. ... which led to successful identification of chemical ink composition and identification of production medium. There are basically five parts to a Bic Pen. Some ink manufacturers would use natural dye created from plant roots such as logwood and other types of leaves, berries, roots, or barks. An ink composition for oil-based ballpoint pens is comprised of a solvent, a colorant and an anti-corrosive wetting agent. The colorant is a combination of a dye and a pigment, wherein the pigment is dispersed in the ink with a nonionic surfactant. Abeer Alyami. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. An ink follower composition for ballpoint pens which comprises (1) a hardly volatile liquid and (2) expansible synthetic mica having a quaternary ammonium ion introduced therein or an ink follower composition for ballpoint pens which comprises (1) a hardly volatile liquid, (3) synthetic mica, and (4) a thickener, and a ballpoint pen having the ink follower composition. In 1943 a European, Biro, … 9. Termite Trail-Following Behavior Elicited by Ballpoint Pen Ink It is well known that termites’ sternal gland produces trail-following pheromones (1-3). POLYSTYRENE BARREL. The idea of writing with a ball point pen can be traced to the year 1880. Pens are an inexpensive promotional item. The barrel of the pen is made of polystyrene, a cheap, mass produced plastic. There is a chemical in ballpoint pen ink that is similar in composition to the trail-following pheromones, The anti-corrosive wetting agent is a phosphate based surfactant. The exact formulas for Bic inks are a trade secret. (2) The ink composition for a water-based ballpoint pen according to (1), wherein the fatty acid has a melting point of lower than 30° C. (3) The ink composition for a water-based ballpoint pen according to (1) or (2), wherein the oil phase contains at least an organic solvent having one or more aromatic rings in the molecular structure. Bic products include ballpoint, gel, roller and felt tip pens. However, most of the ink that we currently use is made of … Pens were constructed in 1895, and ink was patented in 1898, but little came of these in-ventions. 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