"Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". What penalty will He appoint as the punishment of fear, but that which he who denies is to pay, who has to be slain, body and soul, in hell” (Scorp. So Lyra (but mistaking κ. ἔχει; “debetur pœna timori servili”), Corn.-a-lap., Estius (well: “pœnam, quam commeruit, semper animo versat”), Mayer, Seb.-Schmidt, Calov., Spener, Benson, Whitby, Baumg.-Crus., Neander, Lücke (includes in itself punishment, i. e. consciousness of deserving it), De Wette, Düsterd., Huther. Ezekiel 14:3-4; Ezekiel 14:7; Ezekiel 18:30; Ezekiel 44:12, as incorrect translation of מִכְשַׁוֹל ); if we adhere to this meaning, that expression can only mean: fear has punishment, in which case that which it has to expect is regarded as inherent in it, just as on the other hand it could be said: ἡ ἀγάπη ἔχει ζωὴν αἰώνιον (this being considered as future happiness, as in Matthew 25:46); this idea has nothing against it, for fear, as rooted in unbelief, is in itself deserving of punishment, and therein lies the reason ( ὅτι) why perfect love casteth out fear. And I am constrained to acknowledge, that many are found in this state even in a dying hour. ), Perfect in Christ Jesus, 104. But, to imagine that the entertaining of doubts and fears is a mark of humility, is quite erroneous: such a doubtful state of mind is rather an indication of ignorance and pride, than of true humility. 5. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/1-john-4.html. Our love to God is full of clinging confidence in Him and sympathy with all His purposes. Let the dread direct me to its source--my own sinfulness. “When I got them,” said Mr. Zwemer, “the whole eighteen huddled together in the middle of the floor, like jack-rabbits, and every time I came close, they huddled a little nearer. The terrors and sufferings which may come upon us here in our mortal life, are light and trifling compared with the horror which must fall upon all things in that closing day of doom. There are some objections to be first considered. we must begin by guarding ourselves against one great confusion. In the love of the brethren; where that is, there is no fear: so far as that prevails and gains ground, fear removes; not the filial fear of God, the new covenant grace of fear, which is the beginning of wisdom, and is consistent with faith, hope, love, and spiritual joy; but either the fear of men, which brings a snare: those that truly love Christ, his Gospel, and his people, they are not afraid of men; the spirit of power, love, and of a sound mind, is opposite to a spirit of fear, nor can they stand together; and such strength there is sometimes in brotherly love, that the saints are not afraid of death itself, but freely lay down their lives for one another; see 1 John 3:16; or it may be rather, that they are not afraid of the day of judgment, and of hell and damnation; where hatred of the brethren has place, there is a fear and dread of these things, as were in Cain; but those that love the brethren, they know they are passed from death to life, and shall not enter into condemnation, and therefore are in no fear of any of these things: but perfect love casteth out fear; when love to the brethren appears to be perfect, that is, genuine and sincere, and a man knows that from the bottom of his heart he sincerely loves the saints, he concludes from hence, as he may, the truth of his faith, which works in this way; and this frees him from the fears of men and devils, and of the future judgment and wrath to come. Note the fearlessness of love, how perfect love casts out fear. Adult Christians have love without this fear; because fear hath torment, and they are ever happy, being filled with God. He sighs for the light, but it comes not; feels after God, but He evades his touch. He meant that it is the most important manifestation of a proper relationship with God, not the only manifestation. Much of the would be unbelief of the day springs from terror. A fear-expelling love. Curious. He that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God. The modes of its action and the forms of its life are such as give it free and glorious course, and show, in proportion to its sincerity and intensity, how pre-eminently it is the conqueror of all fear. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-john-4.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/1-john-4.html. It means suffering, but suffering for a purpose; suffering which is correction; suffering which is disciplinary; suffering which is intended to lead to something beyond itself. They live alone in their humble cot, the weakly wife entirely in the power of her strong husband. Church Pulpit Commentary. 2 The life appeared; we have seen it and testify to it, and we proclaim to you the eternal life, which was with the Father and has appeared to us. Lange (who interprets it, compunction at the preaching of the law), Sander, al. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-john-4.html. "Commentary on 1 John 4:18". But this is a long course. ‘I feared thee, because thou wert an austere man, and so, because I was afraid, I went and hid my talent, and did nothing for thee’ is a transcript of the experience of far too many of us. (Samuel Dunn.). xiv., p. 195; H. W. Beecher, Ibid., vol. In love, lit., the love, that perfected love of which John has been speaking. 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