I harvest the roots in the late summer and early fall. Alterative, tonic, depurative, astringent, cathartic, antiscorbutic, anti-syphilitic, detergent, antiscrofulous, nutritive (leaves). Rumex longifolius – Yard dock, door yard dock or northern dock, this species looks very similar to curly dock, but the flavor is considerably more bitter. If only people knew the value hidden in her leaves. Spring Wild Vegetable Soup (Midwest Vingarola), Double Dock Dip with Burdock Root and Curly Dock Leaves, Medicinal Trees for Your Herbal Medicine Chest, Companion Planting Strawberries with Mushrooms ». Leaves             Narrow and lanceolate-oblong, crisped and wavy at the margin, 6-14 inches long, decreasing in size toward the summit, acute, dark green. Simmer slowly for 20 minutes in 1 quart of water; strain, sweeten to taste with honey, allow to cool, bottle and keep in a cool place. Bring the water to a boil and immediately pour over the herbs, cover tightly, and allow to steep for 30 minutes; strain, allow to cool, bottle and keep in a cool place. Identifying characteristics: Stem Coarsely angled, 1-4 feet high, erect, simple. Curly dock is found virtually everywhere in the world, naturalized and in some places invasive. Published: April 13, 2015. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. • Wild Mustard • Winter/Summer annual plant • 2-7 inch leaves with irregularly lobed lower leaves • … Part used: root Also known as: Curly Dock. Intestinal infections … Root                Spindle-shaped, nearly simple with few rootlets, somewhat twisted, up to 12 inches long and 3 inches thick, yellowish-brown, annulate or ringed above longitudinally wrinkle indented root-scars, stem-scars or hollow remains, short fracture, internally dusty and fibrous, woody center with concentric rings and a radiate structure, rather thick barked. Blunt-Leaved Dock (Rumex obtusifolius; POLYGONACEAE); root; similar but less-valued medicinal properties to yellow dock. Burdock. First year plants don’t make flower stalks. • Curly Dock • A herbaceous perennial with tall, erect stems. Broad leaf dock is perennial, meaning that it continues to build a tap root year after year, creates a stalk to flower seasonally, and continues to … • Reproduces by seeds and a thick fleshy taproot. Simmer the ingredients in 2 quarts of water and reduce to 1 quart; strain, dissolve sufficient honey to make into a syrup, allow to cool, bottle and keep in a cool place. This makes curly dock one of the easier plants for beginners to identify. Common Name(s) Yellow dock also is known as curly dock, curled dock, narrow dock, sour dock… It has large, yellow, forking taproot, up to 8 to 12 inches long, about 1/2 inch thick, fleshy and usually not forked. Great Water Dock or Red Dock (Rumex aquaticus; POLYGONACEAE; root): Skin diseases, sluggish liver (use in combination with mild laxative), ulcers of the mouth, medicinal cleanser and first-rate tooth powder; medicinally similar to yellow dock, largest of all the docks, reaching 6-7 feet tall; stem erect, thick, striated, hollow, branching; leaves very large, some 2 feet long, pale green turning to reddish-brown, broad and sharp-pointed; flowers, small greenish yellow with white threads that turn brown; root large, reddish-brown, porous bark, large pith with honeycombed cells. Perennial root, native to Europe and now common to the United States; grows in waste ground, cultivated soil, along roadsides, about rubbish, etc., thriving wherever there is iron present; flowers June-July. (Sorry.) Dock seeds are readily available in the wild, and they can be ground into a wild foraged flour with minimal preparation. Red-Veined Dock (Rumex sanguineus; POLYGONACEAE); root distinguished by reddish leaf veins and stems; similar but less valuable medicinally than yellow dock. The roots of yellow dock have been found to contain as much as 40 percent iron compounds, thereby making yellow dock one of the best blood builders in nature. The “curly” moniker comes from the wavy or crisped margins that often characterize the leaves and “sour” speaks to their pleasing, … Children: 1 teaspoonful - 1 tablespoon in honey water. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. sour dock. 7 Health Benefits of Yellow Dock Root. Whether you plan on adding leaves of yellow dock to your salad for a dose of vitamins A and C, grinding the seeds to flour, drinking dock root tea, or taking dock root supplements, use in moderation. 2 fluid ounces 3-4 times daily between meals. If you catch dock too late, it will send up a flower stalk that can grow to 3 feet high. Description. 2 fluid ounces 3 times a day. 2 ounces      Yellow dock root, powder (Rumex crispus), 4 ounces      Sarsaparilla root, powder (Smilax officinalis), 1 ounce       Yellow parilla root, powder (Menispermum canadense), 1/2 ounce     Sassafras bark (Sassafras officinale). Simmer the ingredients in 3 quarts of water and reduce to 2 quarts; strain, sweeten to taste with honey, allow to cool, bottle and keep in a cool place. Use the decoction as a gargle, and drink the tea internally. Decoction, fluid extract, infusion, powder, solid extract, tincture. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. ROUND-LEAVED DOCK Botanical: Rumex obtusifolius---Synonyms---Common Wayside Dock.Butter Dock. Foodie Pro & The Genesis Framework. Do not drink tea or coffee while drinking these organic iron preparations. In fall their tall greenish inconspicuous flower stalks turn a reddish brown and so flag our attention. But, a little bit of a dig will reveal its yellow-orange roots which is confirming. Sven. Yellow dock is an ingredient in some herbal toothpastes. Skin disorders and eruptions, scorbutic diseases, Scrofula, glandular tumors, swellings, leprosy, itch, syphilis, liver congestion, biliousness, cancer, running ears, ulcerated eyelids, sour stomach, lack of pep or vitality (adynamia), intermittent fevers, food (leaves), sores, anemia, cough, laryngeal irritation and catarrh, arsenic poisoning, hemorrhage, diarrhea. Yellow dock is considered to be the most medicinal variety of the dock family. It is very valuable for all skin disorders and has therapeutic characteristics that are similar to sarsaparillas (Smilax officinalis) and turkey rhubarb (Rheum palmatum). Thus, when I decided to use the toasted seeds in a cracker, the name was obvious. Treat Skin Disorders. This relative of rhubarb is a hardy herbaceous perennial weed native to Europe that has naturalized in the US. The latin name for curly dock, a wild plant with edible leaves and seeds, is Rumex crispus. • It is a variable species that hybridizes with other dock species. Let's be honest - I made these crackers specifically because I came up … Habitat. One of its primary uses by herbalists is for skin conditions associated with poor digestion, poor liver function or "toxicity." Poor digestion1 2. ); Lapazio, Paxienza, Romicas (Ital. Decoction          (strong) 2 teaspoons  - 1 tablespoonful in 1 cupful of water 3 times daily. Curly dock (also known as yellow dock, sour dock, and butter dock, as well as other names) is one of the first wild greens ready to harvest in spring. (Yellow dock is believed to accumulate beneficial minerals from the soil into its roots and leaves. Version 2.67 6738-9Yellow Dock IgE Ab [Units/volume] in SerumActive Part Description LP17182-4 Rumex crispus Curled Dock (Rumex crispus), also known as Curly Dock, Yellow Dock, Sour Dock, Narrow Dock, sometimes as "narrow-leaved dock" (which properly refers to a variant of Sorrel), and ambiguously as "garden patience", is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae, native to … Taste                Astringent, mucilaginous, bitterish. ), PLANTAIN or RIBWORT (Plantago major; P. lanceolata; PLANTAGINACEAE), RED CLOVER, WILD CLOVER or TREFOIL (Trifolium pratense; PAPILIONACEAE; LEGUMINOSAE), POKE ROOT, POKEWEED or SCOKE (Phytolacca decandra; P. vulgaris americana; CHENOPODIACEAE; PHYTOLACCACEAE), BURDOCK ROOT (Arctium Lappa; Lappa minor; COMPOSITAE), CHAPARRAL or CREOSOTE BUSH or GREASEWOOD (Larrea tridentata; L. divaricata; ZYGOPHYLLACEAE), OREGON GRAPE or MOUNTAIN GRAPE (Berberis aquifolium: Mahonia aquifolium; BERBERIDACEAE), BLUE FLAG, FLAG LILY or WATER FLAG (Iris versicolor; IRIDACEAE), SASSAFRAS (Sassafras officinale; S. varifolium; Laurus sassafras; Lauraceae), SARSAPARILLA (Smilax officinalis: S. ornata; S. medica; S. papyracea; SMILACEAE), ECHINACEA, BLACK SAMPSON or CONEFLOWER (Echinacea angustifolia; Brauneria angustifolia; B. pallida; COMPOSITAE), PURPLE LOOSESTRIFE (Lythrum salicaria: LYTHRACEAE). Dandelion. (To minnesippi) If you're not sure where it came from (neither you or your mother planted it) just make sure that it's really horseradish and not curly dock (see below) - if it's horseradish the root should smell like horseradish! Be sure that the patient abstains from tea or coffee, as these are incompatible with iron tonics such as yellow dock and will produce toxic results. Sarsaparilla (Smilax officinalis; S. ornata; S. medica; SMILACEAE. While some of the foraged “flour” you can make seems a bit of a stretch, yellow dock is actually a distant relative of buckwheat. ); Winter pinat (Ger. Yellow dock, curled dock, sour dock, curly dock, narrow dock, garden patience. Rumex triangulivalvis – White dock, willow dock or narrow-leafed dock is identified by it’s long, flat, narrow leaves that vaguely resemble willow leaves in shape (only much larger). Sorrel or Red Top Sorrel or Garden Sorrel (Rumex acetosa; POLYGONACEAE); leaves, flowers and root: fevers, kills putrefaction in the blood, expels worms, menorrhagia, stomach hemorrhages, gravel in the kidneys, jaundice, scurvy, scrofula, skin diseases, cancer (for this it has been imputed quite a reputation as a poultice), boils, tumors; leaves eaten as salad in the springtime have potent antiscorbutic properties, and the leaves used similar to spinach as greens and high in nutritive value; leaves, oblong, arrow-shaped below, rather firm, with a broad-toothed, membranous, stipular sheath around the stem base. Take 1 teaspoonful of the cut or powdered herbs and place in a teacup; pour over and fill with boiling hot water (or measure accordingly for larger amounts); cover and steep, strain and sweeten. curly dock. However, outside of this range it can be a problematic, aggressive weed. The name "dock" refers to a genus of broad-leaved wayside weeds related to rhubarb. Solid Extract     325 milligrams - 1 gram. The plant is curly dock, a rhubarb relative in the buckwheat family known alternately as sour or yellow dock. The leaves are fairly thick and the stems can get a tinge of red, especially in cold weather. Your email address will not be published. yellow dock. Leaves Narrow and lanceolate-oblong, crisped and wavy at the margin, 6-14 inches long, decreasing in size toward the summit, acute, dark green. );  Note Several species of Rumex have sour leaves, and are popularly called Sorrel to distinguish them from the others which are called Dock. Yellow Dock, Rumex crispus. If in doubt, dig it. The seeds are useful and interestingly, yellow dock seeds are viable for up to 80 years. Fruit                Flower panicles turn into a dense mass of rusty-brown 3 winged capsules. Scurvy 3. Curly dock (Rumex crispus), also known as sour dock, yellow dock, narrowleaf dock, or curled dock, is a perennial weed native to Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa.Curly dock was introduced into the U.S., possibly arriving as a seed contaminant in the early 1600’s when the British brought crops and cattle to New England 1. The aerial parts are a food source and the roots have strong medicinal values. Use this also as a wash. 1 part       Yellow dock root (Rumex crispus), 1 part        Red clover tops (Trifolium pratense), 1 part        Burdock root (Arctium lappa), 1 part        Slippery elm inner bark (Ulmus fulva), 1/2 part     Myrrh gum (Commiphora myrrha). Also known as sour dock, yellow dock, and narrowleaf dock, one reason controlling curly dock weeds is so hard is because plants may bloom and produce seeds twice a year. Like rhubarb, all the docks can be used as laxatives or purgatives. 2 teaspoonfuls - 1 tablespoonful after each meal. Sheep Sorrel or Field Sorrel (Rumex acetosella; POLYGONACEAE); fresh herb or juice; urinary and renal diseases, fevers, scurvy, etc; highly nutritive when used green in salads; leaves, arrow-shaped, 1 1/2 inches long and 1/2-3/4 inch broad, sour taste; flowers small, greenish, becoming red when in fruit; root yellowish, shallow and running. In the permaculture garden, nothing is wasted, and this plant can serve multiple useful purposes! Simmer the herbs 20 minutes in 2 quarts or until down to 1 quart. Other conditions sometimes treated with yellow dock include: 1. Bone, Kerry. The root and fruits are used as medicine. Yellow dock, curled dock, sour dock, curly dock, narrow dock, garden patience. Water Dock: (Rumex Britannica; POLYGONACEAE); root medicinally similar to yellow dock but more astringent (often mistaken for and collected indiscriminately with yellow dock); grows 5-6 feet high; leaves 1-2 feet long, lanceolate, acute transversely-veined, slightly crisped. Taking another look at a common garden weed: Yellow Dock. Give the infusion in smaller doses, gradually increasing them. For those who has the problem or skin disorders can take this herb to heal it … Curly dock has dark green, hairless It is very effective as a blood-purifier, and excellent for the lymphatic system. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. Yellow dock is more wide-ranging. 1 ounce     Yellow dock root (Rumex crispus), 1 ounce     Buckbean or bogbean root (Menyanthes trifoliata), 1 ounce     Comfrey root (Symphytum officinale). Herb-Patience or Spinach Dock or Monk's Rhubarb (Rumex alpinus: R. patio; POLYGONACEAE); herb, blood purifier, liver complaints, skin diseases, dysentery; native of the alps, but common to various parts of Great Britain in the vicinity of ancient monasteries; foreign names: Patience, Parelle, Oseille Spinard (Fr. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Yellow dock (or curly dock) is a wild edible plant that’s harvested for both its nutritional content and medicinal properties. Apply a fomentation over the affected part that is wrung out from the strong decoction of hot tea. It is also thought to be helpful for rheumatism and disorders such as scurvy and scrofula. Rumex crispus, the curly dock, curled dock or yellow dock, is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae, native to Europe and Western Asia. 2 ounces     Yellow dock root (Rumex crispus), 2 ounces     Dandelion root (Leontodon taraxacum), 2 ounces     Stillingia root (Stillingia sylvatica), 2 ounces     Bittersweet twigs (Solanum dulcamara), 1 ounce      Sassafras root bark (Sassafras officinale), 1 ounce      Figwort root (Scrophularia nodosa), 1 ounce      American ivy bark or Virginia creeper bark or twigs (Ampolopsis quinquefolia (Mich.); Vitus Hederacea (WILLD.)). Yellow dock has the “crisp” leaves with curly edges. Yellow dock is a perennial herb. As the root is somewhat astringent, it is best to use the infusion in a diluted form, preferably in honey water. The Blackfoot used the mashed root pulp as a poultice for sores and swellings. The herb normally grows around four feet above the ground and bears willowy leaves that are marked by undulating and twisted edges. Ointment: Mix the freshly-bruised root with leaf-lard, butter, olive oil and beeswax. This plant is also known as curled dock, narrow dock and curly leaf dock. This root was over 9 feet long! Engl. Leaf width is the most diagnostic feature to separate the two species. narrowleaf dock. The plant produces an inflorescence or flower stalk that grows to about 1 m high. 3 ounces     Yellow dock root, cut (Rumex crispus), 3 ounces     Bugle weed herb, cut (Lycopus virginicus). 1 ounce     Yellow dock root, cut (Rumex crispus). Flowers           Numerous on terminal and auxiliary panicles, pale green, drooping and interspersed with the leaves below. Lovely Yellow Dock is considered a weed in most countries, growing wildly along roadsides, forest edges, railway beds and car parks. 1 teaspoonful to 1 tablespoonful in 1/2 glass or 1 cupful of water 3 times daily. : curly dock, yellow dock, curled dock, narrow dock, sour dock. Deu. Apply the ointment as needed, or use the tea as a wash. ---Description---It is a large and spreading plant, its stout stems 2 to 3 feet high, the leaves 6 to 12 inches long, with rather slender foot-stalks, the margins waved and the end or apex of the leaf rounded.The flowers are small, green and numerous, arranged in whorled spikes at the ends of the stem. 2 fluid ounces every hour until the whole amount is consumed. Yellow dock (Rumex crispus) is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae, native to Europe and Western Asia. They will shrivel, get rubbery, and lose their quality. : Krauser Ampfer, Gelber Ampfer. Boil the root slowly for 15 minutes in 2 pints of water, strain with 1 pint of water and simmer for 10 minutes, strain, place the two quantities of the liquor (liquid) in a cleansed vessel and reduce by simmering to 3/4 pint; remove from the heat, add the glycerine (which will make the quantity 1 pint total), allow to cool, bottle and keep in a cool place. Simmer the herbs for 10 minutes in 1 pint of water; strain; sweeten to taste with honey; allow to stand until cool. Curly dock leaves are lanceolate and up to 20 inches long, whereas broadleaf dock has lanceolate-ovate leaves that are up to 30 inches long. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Stem                Coarsely angled, 1-4 feet high, erect, simple. Owing to the special characteristic of the leaves, yellow dock is also known as the curly dock. 4 ounces     Yellow dock root, cut (Rumex crispus), 3 pints         D-cell or distilled water. Not only does it support stage-2 detoxification of the liver – which most of us need because it’s not practical to live in a bubble – it also promotes healthy digestion, a diverse microbiome, and more. Perhaps because it is a vegetable source for iron, it is better digested and tolerated by most women. Powder: Brownish. Both species are erect perennials from 1.5 to 3 ft tall, occasionally to 5 ft tall. Curly dock is biennial, meaning they spring up a basal rosette the first year, then a stalk, flowers, and seeds the second year, and that winter it will die. Rumex crispus L. Yellow dock is a fabulous herb for modern life. Infusion              2 fluid ounces 3-4 times daily between meals. 1 part     Yellow dock root (Rumex crispus), 1 part     Red clover tops (Trifolium pratense), 1 part     Brigham tea or Ephedra or MaHaung (Ephedra sinica), 1 part     Figwort root (Scrophularia nodosa). See comparisons of horseradish and curly dock below: horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) Yellow dock is thought to benefit the digestive tract, liver, and skin and to treat inflamed nasal passages. This plant has medical uses in European herbal medicine as well. In its native range, different parts of curly dock are used as food and/or medicine. Coarsely angled, 1-4 feet high, erect, simple willowy leaves are... Herbs 20 minutes in 2 quarts or until down to 1 tablespoonful 1. With, use the toasted seeds in a cracker, the name `` dock '' refers a! The dock family a poultice for sores and swellings reason ; they from... S. ornata ; S. medica ; SMILACEAE dock botanical: Rumex obtusifolius -Synonyms... ( leaves ) both species are erect perennials from 1.5 to 3 feet high, erect, simple yellow! Nutritive ( leaves ) wild plant with edible leaves and seeds, is Rumex crispus,! Dock, a rhubarb relative in the buckwheat family known alternately as sour or dock! 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( leaves ), pale green, drooping and interspersed with the leaves below you catch dock too late it! Apply the ointment as needed, or use the infusion in a diluted form, in... And interspersed with the leaves are fairly thick and the stems can get a of... Are used as food and/or medicine may also be called yellow dock is believed to accumulate beneficial minerals from strong. Known alternately as sour or yellow dock special characteristic of the easier plants for to. A thick fleshy taproot the seeds are readily available in the late summer and early fall uses herbalists! Very effective as a blood-purifier, and excellent for the lymphatic system lose their quality can get tinge. Two species root is somewhat astringent, it will send up a flower stalk that can grow to ft. To 80 years ground into a dense mass of rusty-brown 3 winged capsules leaves below crispus ), ounces... Treated with yellow dock root, cut ( Rumex obtusifolius ; POLYGONACEAE ) ; root similar. The freshly-bruised root with leaf-lard, butter, olive oil and beeswax will send up a stalk.