Cuttings from that plant went to Netherlands and Paris, from which the French first transplanted the vines to their overseas colonies. These factors threaten the sustainability and profitability of vanilla and the financial stability of those who grow it. Vanilla flowers between November and December. Common names: Vanilla orchid. The vanilla “bean” appears as a pod following pollinated flowers. The botanical source of vanilla extract is primarily the cured beans of Vanilla planifolia. Once these issues have been addressed, the article can be renominated.Editors may also seek a reassessment of the decision if they believe there was a mistake. Just as with pests, it is important to monitor plant health frequently and act immediately if any abnormal conditions occur. Vanilla is a legacy of Mexico and, like chocolate, it is a major global delicacy representing almost a half-billion Euros in profits each year. The Aztecs discovered the plant in Mexico in the early 16 th century and used the seed pods (vanilla beans) to counteract poisons, to aid digestion, and as an aromatic, exotic flavoring for Emperor Montezuma ’s beverage. Distribution. Plants designated with a sku ending in -4, or -3 will arrive in a standard 4 inch or 2.75 inch growers pot respectively. Vanilla extract is popular around the world as an ingredient in ice cream and various other desserts. Abstract. More than 160 species of vanilla orchids are grown around the world, but only two—Vanilla planifolia and Vanilla tahitensis—are used commercially to produce vanilla. Vanilla is also a popular product in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry, where it is used in perfumes and medicines, amongst other things. If you intend growing your Vanilla orchid in a pot or container be sure to make use of a 3 ¾ inch pot. The vanilla orchid vine is one of these that requires special care but can produce lovely flowers and a tasty product. Vanilla orchids are native to Mexico, and for a few hundred years after the Spaniards first brought the flowers back to Europe, no one could get the beans to grow anywhere else. There are over 110 species of vanilla orchids. Pests and Diseases. Distribution: Globally from latitudes 27°N to 27°S. Always keep in mind that high humidity levels require proper air movement in order to prevent disease. Roots become brown leading to rooting and decay. There are suggestions below for improving the article. The vanilla orchid needs very bright positions, but away from direct sunlight that could irreparably damage the petals and leaves of the plant. Kens new, reusable, recyclable deep cells are 5 to 7 inches deep and 1 to 2.5 inches in diameter. Fruit season. Scientific Name. Everyone has a favorite food involving vanilla, and the tasty spice is getting a leg up from University of Florida researchers. A study of diseases causes and implications is developed. Most orchid diseases are caused by either fungi or bacteria. For example, vanilla is an orchid, with unusual root needs, it does not flower every year in certain latitudes, while curing vanilla is complex and time consuming. Growers tried to bring this bee into other growing locales, to no avail. Vanilla virus diseases. Learn more about Vanilla uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Vanilla Follow the directions on the package to determine the proper amount of food to give your orchid. The flowers must be hand pollinated in the same way as orchids. Water the orchid only when the growing medium dries out. Vanilla vines are attacked by several diseases, and chiefly vanilla root-rot, which as soil borne disease is quite difficult to fight. The best way to tackle orchid diseases is to prevent them in the first place by providing a clean environment with good watering practices and good air movement. The orchids are native to Mexico but have been cultivated throughout various equatorial regions across the globe. The following are the common diseases found in vanilla cultivation: Root rot: Symptoms: This disease causes yellowing of leaves and stems. Negative staining of the leaf sap with potassium phosphotungstic acid, uranyl acetate and ammonium molybdate revealed the presence of flexuous rod shaped viral particles. Recent disease surveys revealed the occurrence of a mosaic disease in vanilla. Vanilla planifolia, commonly called vanilla, is a terrestrial or epiphytic orchid vine that is native to Mexico. The rest of the species are distinguished by a gorgeous look and a pleasant smell, and are excellent for decorating rooms. Sick orchids are not a topic we like to talk about, but it is very important to know how to spot, treat and prevent illness with orchids. Too much water will lead to rot. In the case of the Vanilla orchid there is also an added danger: Handling plant may cause skin irritationor allergic reaction. Vanilla was a Agriculture, food and drink good articles nominee, but did not meet the good article criteria at the time. The vanilla supply chain has traditionally been plagued by a multitude of shortcomings. Anthracnose, fusarium and mildew are also known to attack vanilla. Read on for some information on common orchid diseases and treatment. Knowing how to diagnose and treat orchid ailments is key to becoming a good orchid grower. Getting started with vanilla orchids is exciting, but like so many things in life, it’s best to figure out what you need to do before you dive in. Real vanilla comes from the flower of an orchid: the Vanilla planifolia. 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