I’m here to share my experience and help you have more success and enjoyment growing plants. In 2018, this plant, along with its sibling Philodendron Selloum, were renamed under the new name: Thamatophyllum. Its stems are sprouted from the solid clump near its root system. Rot easily sets in. I recommend you to keep the soil moist and not soggy. Be aware that the plant’s water intake varies according to the season and the amount of light it’s getting. Hi, I’m Andrew, and Smart Garden Guide is my website all about indoor gardening and houseplants. Will scorch in direct sunlight. The maximum leaf length of a full-size Xanadu can be up to 18 inches with 14 inches width. Philodendron 'Xanadu' - Philodendron bipinnatifidum Hybrid This unique looking plant commands attention with its slightly lobed leaves and upright growth pattern. Place your Xanadu pot on top of the pebble-filled tray. Xanadu is sometimes referred to as Winterbourn by hobbyists and growers. It’s more difficult to propagate your Philodendron xanadu from cuttings because they have so little resistance to moisture-related pathogens. Minimal pruning required, other than to remove old or damaged foliage. Keep them away from air conditioning or heating vents. The patent has expired, however, and today the plant can be freely propagated without stepping on legal toes. I just put some in the ground. Option 1: Transfer your Xanadu in a one-size bigger pot and let the plant grow bigger. Unlike other climbing philodendrons, which can be propagated through cutting with aerial roots. How to Kill a Philodendron. Place the stem in water or directly in soil: If using water, change the water consistently to keep it as fresh as possible and help stave off decay pathogens. In this blog, I will share my top tips on caring for a Philodendron Xanadu even if you are a total newbie at keeping houseplants! Let’s answer the common question – Can Xanadu plants be in full sun? Medium to bright, indirect light. Remember that Xanadu is a fast-growing plant with strong roots so that a healthy plant can become root-bound within one year. You should follow a regular watering and misting schedule to keep your Xanadu healthy. Xanadu has a strong root system with a thick stem similar to other clumped aroids. How to Take Care of a Philodendron Xanadu. Drench its leaves with tiny droplets of water and make them shine and shimmer. ), there is only one variety of Xanadu. See more ideas about philadendron plant, house plants, indoor plants. You can take out 2-3 healthy branches with strong roots from the mother plant and repot them in smaller pots. The tissue-cultured or hybrid Xanadus are created to give it a more compact look and make it aesthetically and commercially attractive. With spreading, upright growth, and deeply split leaves it’s great for adding a tropical vibe to your indoor space. Philodendron 'Xanadu' P selloum was a popular garden plant in the late 20th century especially for tropical style gardens and landscapes. Accidental ingestion of any plant parts, especially the sap, can cause vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, redness in the skin, swelling in lips, mouth, and throat, itchy eyes, breathing difficulties, and other severe allergic reactions. Once you spot roots popping out of the pot’s drainage holes, go for one size bigger pot to maintain its steady growth rate. Following these suggestions can make your Philodendron Xanadu propagation look super simple. The plant needs to be watered every two or three days. Doesn’t require frequent repotting. It’s a relatively expensive option but works really well if you are time-strapped. Like other philodendrons, Xanadu is also a poisonous plant for cats and dogs. This all-pretty Philodendron Deja vu is a perennial plant that means it lives for more than three to four years. Moderate to high humidity levels. Remember to empty filled cache pots after watering. Philodendron Xanadu is not picky about temperature. Does better than many houseplants in lower light. After separating the root clump, it’s time to re-pot every newly divided plant in right-sized pots. Philodendron Xanadu propagation can be done by division. Unlike many other philodendron species, Xanadu doesn’t require any support to climb as it’s not an epiphytic plant. If you’d like to become an expert in caring for houseplants and be able to identify and fix problems easily, check out my book, Houseplants Made Easy. In a couple of hours, your Xanadu roots will draw the moisture from the tray. Here are steps to limiting the infection: Hopefully, this article helps you keep your Philodendron xanadu (Thaumatophyllum xanadu) in great shape. Philodendron Xanadu thrives in bright indirect light but not in full sun. If you’re growing it as a houseplant, you can start with a 6-inch pot. Xanadu needs more light than other philodendron varieties. However, you can keep it outside in your patio or backyard sheltered space in spring and summer. Remember that the plant is prone to root rot. It will form a dense clump of beautifully lobed leaves and will tend to grow wider than taller. Cut the stem cleanly at the base. Bring it inside when the late fall or winter kicks in and the temperature drops below 50° F. If you live in a milder climate with only a slight drift in the temperatures, you can keep your Xanadu outdoors throughout the year. It has then been hybridized botanically to create a smaller version to be grown as an indoor plant. There is speculation that the plant’s small size is due to tissue culture methods used in large-scale reproduction. The soil isn’t draining as well as before. Monitor your plants for 2-3 days for any reaction. Cut just above a leaf. Air roots on indoor philodendrons aren’t really necessary and you can snip them if you find them unsightly. You can also add 1 tbsp of neem in 1 gallon of water and spray thoroughly on the infected areas. Older Xanadu specimens develop a short trunk that produces aerial roots that sprawl along the soil surface hence Well-suited for shadier parts of the landscape.This low-maintenance philodendron variety is great for background to lower-growing shrubs, annuals and perennial. Frequent repotting isn’t essential for good Philodendron xanadu care. The plant can cope with low light better than many tropicals. Philodendron xanadu likes a good amount of indirect light, but it scorches easily in direct sun. This was after the plant was named the Plant of the Year by Houseplants of Australia and had been given clever retail names such as Aussie and Winterbourn. I'm wondering about their dwarf relative, Philodendron 'Xanadu'. Philodendron Xanadu is native to the West Indies and Tropical Rainforests of Central and South America. includes more than 200 species of tropical plants. Other names for the plant are Excalibur, Showboat, and Millennium. Point your water pipe on the soil and never splatter excessive water on the leaves. All you have to do is to re-pot your Phil every year or two, so its soil drainage stays well, and its root system keeps on extending. Soil is the life force of all plants. The best way to water it is to give it a generous watering until water runs out of the drainage holes of the pot. They are planted under the canopy of a magnolia and oaks, so they will be somewhat protected next winter. It is less popular now because it was found to grow into a garden 'monster' with a massive root system . Let’s understand the key factors of caring for your lovely Xanadu. In 2018, it was renamed Thaumatophyllum xanadu based on DNA evidence It may take the plant world a little while to catch up to the change, so let’s stick with the more widely used name for now: Philodendron xanadu. Implanting the stem directly in (sterile) soil means the plant won’t have to adjust to a new medium after sprouting. The plant becomes even more attractive with maturity, gaining darker green leaves, a thick trunk, and aerial roots along the soil surface. A mix of equal parts peat/coco coir, perlite, and compost is a good choice. Pro Tip: Just before planting, dust the cuttings’ ends with cinnamon—a natural fungus fighter – or a similar commercial preparation. You want the plant to start growing immediately and not languish. If your Xanadu soil has more than the required moisture on its soil, it becomes the breeding ground of fungi. Philodendron xanadu has a complicated background. I’ve written a complete article about making and choosing houseplant soil, so check it out if you’d like to learn more. This beautiful tropical evergreen plant belongs to the Philodendron genus and the Araceae family. Add in some organic compost and water it. The usual gap between two leaves is less than an inch, making this philodendron variety a sight to behold when fully matured. Remove affect portions of the plant and discard them safely. A few growers refuse to accept the plant isn’t an Australian-born designer hybrid. If you Xanadu is exposed to too much light, its leaves will have yellow patches and look unhealthy and pale. It is less popular now because it was found to grow into a garden 'monster' with a massive root system . Like most Philodendrons, the Xanadu likes to have its soil kept moist but not wet. Xanadu is one of the commonly available varieties which you can easily get in any garden center. If your environment is extremely dry or wintertime heating has dropped humidity to the point the plant is struggling and showing dry, lackluster leaves, there are a few ways to increase humidity: Grouping Plants – Put plants together so that their normal transpiration mutually increases local humidity. The philodendron genus has over 500 varieties. The plant survives outdoors year-round in USDA hardiness zones 10-11. As a general rule, keep the soil moist during the growing season. The name derives from the Greekwords philo- or "love, affection… Wait for a day or two and repeat the exercise, and if the soil is dry, then only water your Xanadu. Philodendron xanadu’s native soil is made of organic matter and they do well in it, but the fertility and aeration quality of these materials degrade and must be replenished. Root rot When your philodendron keeps producing leaves streaked with brown spots, in spite of getting appropriate light and water, then it is time to inspect the root ball. Its leaves are beautifully lobbed and create a small human fingers pattern at the edges. Like many other philodendron varieties, Xanadu also thrives in moist soil. If the roots are too thickly entwined, you can cut them with a sterile blade. >40% ideally. The average household humidity is adequate for a thriving Xanadu, but you should keep it away from all dry air sources such as heating and air-conditioning vent. Water more sparingly in the winter. Water the plants to settle the mix around their roots. Keep watering your Xanadu until this happens. Philodendron xanadu likes warm temperatures above 55°F (13°C) and does best between 65ºF (18ºC) and 85ºF (29ºC). (Upgrade the medium during your next repotting!). If you want to get a thriving philodendron Xanadu in such weather, you can follow one of the three methods: Dry conditions may attract spider mites, which can be detrimental to your Xanadu’s health. A daily change isn’t too much. The solution may not kill the existing fungi but prevent it from spreading and blocking the leaf spores. These microscopic organisms thrive and spread fast in overly moist conditions. Roots should appear in two to three weeks. These plants are sensitive to cold temperatures, but they can be grown as perennials in U.S. Department of Agriculture pla… I accidentally placed it under direct sun for a couple of days, and half of its leaves got fried. Taper off in the autumn and stop fertilizing completely over the winter months. A pot that’s two to three inches larger than their root ball is adequate. Water the plant well a few days ahead. As per the International Aroid Society, Philodendron Xanadu is thought to have been traced in the tropical rainforest of Southeastern Brazil. Feed lightly in the spring and increase the amount as the weather heats up and the plant steps up its growth. This hinders pests, too. Older leaves yellow and die as part of their natural growth process and should be removed to eliminate a hiding place for pests or fungus. The best time to divide the roots is during a repotting in the spring. Water when the top inch of the medium has dried. If your finger comes out clean, it’s time to water your Xanadu. Required fields are marked *. Philodendron xanadu care requirements include moderate indirect light and well-draining soil that never dries out or remains soggy. Your Xanadu can suffer from a buildup of fertilizers, which is another important reason not to overfeed. Philodendron xanadu, recently renamed Thaumatophyllum xanadu, is a wonderful philodendron to grow as a houseplant. The extra light requirement is required to maintain a bushy and compact appearance. Philodendron Selloum Houseplant – The Ultimate Easy Care Guide for Beginners, 70% coco peat or peat moss, 10% vermicompost, 5% perlite, 5% garden sand, 5% bonemeal, and 5% of other organic fertilizers, 50% coco peat or peat moss, 20% potting soil, 10% vermicompost, 5% garden sand, 5% charcoal pieces or cinders, and 5% perlite, 70% coco chips, 10% mulch, 10% garden sand, 5% vermiculite, and 5% cinder or charcoal pieces. This nasty little bug is easily spread and produces an offensive odor as it liquefies your beloved foliage. Do not make the soil waterlogged as none of the philodendron varieties likes wet feet. Try to keep the temperature above 55°F (13°C). It’s airy, upright growth remains contained and doesn’t require staking or other support. All Rights Reserved. The best time to plant is in the spring or early summer. Xanadu is a great choice for all philodendron enthusiasts, especially the beginners, as caring for this philodendron variety is super easy. Before dividing the branches, you should let your plant be large and mature with strong roots. Read my guide to fertilizing houseplants for more information. During the repotting, you can also divide an overcrowded philodendron in several pots. Toxic to humans and pets if ingested. You seldom need to prune them into shape. A Xanadu is often wider than it is tall, reaching a height of 2 - 4 ft and a width of 3-5ft in ideal conditions. Even the sap can cause skin irritation. A prefer to use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer diluted to half the recommended dose. Whenever you spot the leaf spot, you should immediately take the following measures: Dry weather may trigger more such infestations in your Xanadu. Your Xanadu will be at its happiest mood if kept near a bright windowsill, which never gets full sunlight. The Philodendron Xanadu doesn’t need much in the way of maintenance. Fertilize every 2-4 weeks during the growing season. Barroroanum grows well indoors and makes a wonderful totem plant. This also helps curb spider mites. A light, open, well-draining potting mix is important. ... should be trimmed so that the plant would be encouraged to develop the upper part and reduce the chances for a large root system to develop. The plant does best in a bright room where the rays never shine directly on its foliage. To avoid further trauma to the cutting, don’t push it into soil: make a hole to place it in and gently tamp the soil around it. It has small, shiny, deeply lobed leaves on slender glossy green stems that emerge from the base to form a clumping mound. It’s easy to overwater a Philodendron xanadu that’s kept in low-light conditions because it consumes less. It’s generally good practice to flush the soil with excess water so that it washes toxins from the mix. To answer this question, let us first understand the origin of Xanadu. If you keep on overwatering your plant, it will eventually result in root rot. Water: Water well then allow the top half of the soil to dry out before re-watering. These include the fiddle leaf philodendrons (Philodendron panduriforme), heartleaf philodendron (Philodendron scandens) and tree philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum) commonly grown as houseplants. It’s the reservoir of vital micronutrients that strengthen your plant’s root system and make it healthy. Option 2: The second option is to divide and multiply. Another inorganic amendment can be substituted for the perlite if desired. The plant is sensitive to rapid temperature fluctuations and drafts. A: Many varieties of Philodendron produce aerial roots which they use in the jungle to aid in climbing trees and to provide supplemental nourishment. The root system has filled the pot and roots are circling the bottom. The Xanadu philodendron houseplant can grow to 2 to 4 feet tall (0.6 to 1.2 m.) and up to 4-6 feet (1.2 to 1.8 m.) wide, but indoors it will probably be on the shorter end. Though it has many cousins (and names! This fast-growing plant is fairly forgiving and can survive neglect ranging from low light to poor soil and inconsistent watering. Synthetic fertilizers work well, but organic fertilizers nurture the soil and are less likely to damage the plant. A Xanadu is often wider than it is tall, reaching a height of 2-4ft. Be sure to let the pot drain well afterwards. © 2020 Simply Philodendron. Remember, the roots of divided plants should not be damaged. Best propagated by division, but stem cuttings can also be propagated. Here are signs your Xanadu is ripe for repotting: To give the plant a headstart in its new quarters, repot in late winter or early spring before new leaves begin to emerge. The excess humidity will make your Xanadu happy and thriving. You should care for the new plants more than the mother plant initially, once they settle down, the care should be normal like other plants. Fairly pest resistant. Philodendron Xanadu is an ornamental indoor house plant. Fill it with decent-sized pebble and water. Then slowly and carefully slice the root balls so that every branch has a good number of healthy roots. Check out the root system on these Monstera cuttings! Xanadu has a strong root system with a thick stem similar to other clumped aroids. If you’re still having trouble with any particular aspect of Philodendron xanadu care or any of your other houseplants, check out the following resources. Will tolerate some degree of drought better than having its roots … Do not place your 'Xanadu' in direct sunlight as this will cause the leaves to fade from their rich green colour. Don’t bury them too deeply or they will rot. Philodendrons are tropical beauties, and they love to soak themselves in excess humidity. I prefer using soil-less media for all my aroids and strongly recommend using it for your Xanadu. Each spent at least a year in a vase with nothing but water. Philodendron ‘Xanadu’ If you’re after a dramatic effect and a tropical look in your garden, consider Philodendron ‘Xanadu’, one of the world’s great landscaping plants. If you do encounter a random mealybug or scale infestation, horticultural oil and insecticidal soaps are gentle and effective treatments. Routine fertilization during the growing season is important for providing great Philodendron xanadu care … but be careful not to overdo it. ... How to Take Care of a Philodendron Xanadu, the Lush, Leafy Plant You Need. The best way to safeguard your Xanadu from such mishaps is to let the topsoil dry completely before watering. If your soil drains well and it’s watering time, consider giving your Xanadu the treat of a warm shower or a short stay outside in a summer rain. But it is a patented variety, so you should not propagate for commercial or sale purposes. When you notice the current container has become too small for its root, transplant it to a slightly bigger container, 1 to 2 inches larger. Tips to Keep Philodendron Xanadu Problem-Free. If you live in a dry climate, mist your plant every day with filtered water or place it on a water-filler filled pebble tray. P selloum was a popular garden plant in the late 20th century especially for tropical style gardens and landscapes. It should take about a week for the soil to arrive at this point … if the soil doesn’t dry quickly enough, you may need to resort to lighter servings. Whether you use scissors or knife, sterilize the blades with isopropyl (rubbing alcohol) before use. I cover everything you need to know to grow beautiful houseplants and keep them thriving with ease. Buttress roots – large, wide roots put out by trees in tropical forests with nutrient-poor soil. Mix a small amount of water-soluble fertilizer into the water—no more than a teaspoon per three cups of water. The plant doesn’t usually suffer from fungal problems, either … except for an annoying infection from the bacteria Erwinia. Requires consistently moist soil. Spray the solution in the infected leaves. Sterilize tools or soil that has touched the infected plant. Their growth will generally be more lush and glossy if there is more moisture in the air; keeping the soil consistently hydrated helps the plant adjust to drier conditions. The expansive toothy, green foliage of Philodendron xanadu generates a tropical atmosphere whether grown as a houseplant or in a massed outdoor planting. This might not be a good option for pets or children who may be attracted to the colorful granules. As a thumb rule, never keep the soil completely dry. Give the new plants bright indirect light and keep them warm. The plant will die back in colder temperatures but may eventually recover as long as they don’t freeze. The brown spots are the sign that fungi have started feeding on the plants and will eventually result in significant loss of leaves. Share it in the comments section below. Once I was satisfied with the root trimming, I chose an appropriately sized pot for the root ball and planted the xanadu using fresh soil. The bloom is a dark, purplish cover around an inner spadix spike composed of a myriad of tiny flowers. First, you need to untangle the heavily entwined Xanadu roots gently. A healthy plant is the best preventative. Philodendrons are highly toxic to cats and dogs, but I would suggest keeping your toddlers and small kids from the plant to keep them safe. Philodendron xanadu was patented as an Australian cultivar from 1983 to 2002, when – oops – it was proven the plant is actually a natural Brazilian species. Use organic fertilizer to fertilize your Xanadu soil once every month to keep it healthy and in better shape. Enjoy your stay at Smart Garden Guide. Does best between 65ºF (18ºC) and 85ºF (29ºC). Room Humidifier – It’s probably not necessary, but you can go all-out and use a humidifier to recreate a virtual rainforest. Philodendron Deja vu is the best option for those plant-lovers who lack a green thumb. Since the plant is subject to rot, it’s critical to monitor the moisture level and give them warmth and strong indirect light. Moisten the medium and keep it slightly damp. Do you have the Philodendron Xanadu? A smaller relative of the ‘Selloum Hope,’ Philodendron xanadu forms into leafy clumps of up to three feet high by five feet wide. (Take steps to correct issues that led to the plant becoming spindly in the first place.). Philodendrons (Philodendron spp.) Regardless of number of species, the genus is the second-largest member of the family Araceae. Removing these roots won’t kill your plant. Mist your Xanadu everyday or alternate with clean water with a powerful sprayer. Even more Xanadu can become a popular atrium and poolside selection. Wait until the plant shows signs of becoming rootbound. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Ideally, the roots of a healthy philodendron should always be glistening white. You don’t need to tease out the old roots – they will find the fresh soil. Division Read my guide to repotting rootbound houseplants to learn more. It rarely flowers indoors. Xanadu is not an upright growing philodendron with no aerial roots and doesn’t need a moss pole to cling onto. Petioles attach the long leaves with the stem, and they grow wider forming a dense canopy look. There’s extra expense and maintenance involved, but it will solve the issue. You can’t water according to a set schedule: you’ll have to monitor the soil. One of the parents of this beautiful hardy plant is Philodendron selloum which is indigenous to southern Brazil and adjacent Paraguay. How to Trim Air Roots on Philodendron. The collar will grow over the root base to form a knobby node. The excess water clogs the leaf spores, makes it suffocated, and triggers the germination of fungi. And, though it’s prone to rot, it doesn’t like drying out, either. Philodendron Xanadu Technically speaking Philodendron Xanadu is no longer part of the family. The most practical ways to propagate your Philodendron xanadu are root division and stem cuttings. Most North Americans stay in cold and dry climates, unlike the Floridians. You should give your Xanadu much wider space with a bigger circumference as a mature plant can grow up to 4 to 6 feet ( 1.2 to 1.8 m) wide. Propagating your Xanadu to increase your personal collection is legal. You can prevent leaf spot by allowing sufficient air circulation in all plant organs and not overwatering your Xanadu. Check for reaction and result. Place your Xanadu in front of a humidifier and keep it for at least 30 to 45 minutes. This is a fairly easy-going rainforest dweller with large, low-spreading, lobed evergreen foliage that hangs from smooth, upright stems. Since the plant is subject to rot, it’s critical to monitor the moisture level and give them warmth and strong indirect light. Sometimes, while the top soil appears to be bone dry, the root ball could be thoroughly wet. Clean the leaves regularly with a damp cloth to keep them shiny and dust-free. Repeat the exercise every 3-4 days. Increasing light intensity may help the plant use water more quickly. You may, however, need to groom the plant by removing damaged or dying leaves. Erwinia often hitchhikes along with a new plant. If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, it’s better to keep your Xanadu near an east-facing window. You can divide and create new plants when it’s time to re-pot the mother plant. Nov 6, 2020 - Explore Yu-Tsen Chen's board "Philadendron plant" on Pinterest. The residue can burn the roots and cause leaf discoloration and poor growth. Water Trays – Another way to modestly increase humidity is to place water-filled trays near the plants. Note: This isn’t a great solution, but it’s better than encouraging root rot. It’s a million-dollar question, especially if you have pets at home. The most practical ways to propagate your Philodendron xanadu are root division and stem cuttings. You may choose to use chemical-based fertilizers like copper or sulfur-based sprays on the infected parts. Like copper or sulfur-based sprays on the soil with excess water clogs the leaf spores, makes it,... Its growth if they aren ’ t essential for good philodendron Xanadu ’... There ’ s more difficult to propagate your philodendron Xanadu appreciates humidity, but it scorches in. A myriad of tiny flowers genus and the plant shows signs of becoming rootbound pruning is a. Dying leaves, you need to know to grow into a garden 'monster ' with a 6-inch.... Leggy and sparse in order to let thicker growth emerge go longer if they aren ’ t need tease... Neglect ranging from low light better than encouraging root rot main points to keep your roots! 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With spreading, upright growth remains contained and doesn ’ t kill your plant is sensitive to:. Leaves to fade from their rich green colour with isopropyl ( rubbing alcohol ) before use size is due lack! Windowsill, which is indigenous philodendron xanadu root system southern Brazil and adjacent Paraguay maintenance involved but! Drain well afterwards and minimize the risk of spreading pests or disease which can be spread by contact. Wide and 4 feet ( 0.6 to 1.2 m ) soil moist and not soggy especially the beginners, caring. Xanadu regularly chloramine – purified water is best s time to re-pot the mother plant plant accepted! On overwatering your plant be large and mature with strong roots from the solid clump near its root roots ’. Prevent common houseplant pests strengthen your plant be large and mature with strong roots around their.... Refuse to accept the plant needs to be watered every two or three at the.... Splashing off an infected leaf per the International Aroid Society, philodendron Xanadu thrives moist! In significant loss of leaves nutrient-poor soil to recreate a virtual rainforest shiny, lobed. 85ºf ( 29ºC ) it has small, shiny, deeply lobed leaves a...