It is found in nature only in an oxidiz… The chemical symbol for Polonium is Po. Neon is a colorless, odorless, inert monatomic gas under standard conditions, with about two-thirds the density of air. It can undergo deformation and is pliable in nature. Like the other metals of the platinum group, ruthenium is inert to most other chemicals. Gadolinium. The pressure at which vaporization (boiling) starts to occur for a given temperature is called the saturation pressure. Gadolinium is silvery white in color. Caesium has physical and chemical properties similar to those of rubidium and potassium. The mention of names of specific companies or products does not imply any intention to infringe their proprietary rights. Einsteinium is a chemical element with atomic number 99 which means there are 99 protons and 99 electrons in the atomic structure. Thulium is an easily workable metal with a bright silvery-gray luster. Titanium is a chemical element with atomic number 22 which means there are 22 protons and 22 electrons in the atomic structure. Cerium is a soft, ductile and silvery-white metal that tarnishes when exposed to air, and it is soft enough to be cut with a knife. Helium is a chemical element with atomic number 2 which means there are 2 protons and 2 electrons in the atomic structure. The temperature at which vaporization (boiling) starts to occur for a given pressure is also known as the saturation temperature and at this conditions a mixture of vapor and liquid can exist together. Mercury is a heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure. In 1886, French chemist Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran confirmed Marignac’s discovery. See more. Gallium is a chemical element with atomic number 31 which means there are 31 protons and 31 electrons in the atomic structure. It explains how we use cookies (and other locally stored data technologies), how third-party cookies are used on our Website, and how you can manage your cookie options. Arsenic is a chemical element with atomic number 33 which means there are 33 protons and 33 electrons in the atomic structure. Tellurium is a chemical element with atomic number 52 which means there are 52 protons and 52 electrons in the atomic structure. Melting Point: 1586 K (1313°C or 2395°F) Boiling Point: 3546 K (3273°C or 5923°F) Density: 7.90 grams per cubic centimeter. The chemical symbol for Mendelevium is Md. Jean de Marignac in 1880. Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of the periodic table. Standard potential - 2.40 V. Discovered by. Our gadolinium page has over 200 facts that span 76 different quantities. We assume no responsibility for consequences which may arise from the use of information from this website. Sodium is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive metal. Technetium is the lightest element whose isotopes are all radioactive; none are stable. The chemical symbol for Thorium is Th. Chlorine is a chemical element with atomic number 17 which means there are 17 protons and 17 electrons in the atomic structure. Hafnium is a lustrous, silvery gray, tetravalent transition metal, hafnium chemically resembles zirconium and is found in many zirconium minerals. Hydroxide, the OH-anion composed of an oxygen atom bonded to a hydrogen atom, is commonly present in nature and is one of the most widely studied molecules in physical chemistry. By mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in the universe, after hydrogen and helium. The chemical symbol for Titanium is Ti. The chemical symbol for Osmium is Os. Argon is mostly used as an inert shielding gas in welding and other high-temperature industrial processes where ordinarily unreactive substances become reactive; for example, an argon atmosphere is used in graphite electric furnaces to prevent the graphite from burning. Chromium is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle metal4 which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point. Caesium is a chemical element with atomic number 55 which means there are 55 protons and 55 electrons in the atomic structure. Aluminum is a chemical element with atomic number 13 which means there are 13 protons and 13 electrons in the atomic structure. At room temperature, gadolinium crystallizes in the hexagonal, close-packed alpha form. 1) You may use almost everything for non-commercial and educational use. The chemical symbol for Iridium is Ir. Main purpose of this project is to help the public learn some interesting and important information about chemical elements, ionizing radiation, thermal engineering, reactor physics and nuclear energy. Uranium is a chemical element with atomic number 92 which means there are 92 protons and 92 electrons in the atomic structure. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth’s crust. The Cookies Statement is part of our Privacy Policy. Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile. The chemical symbol for Nickel is Ni. If you want to get in touch with us, please do not hesitate to contact us via e-mail: Discoverer: Ramsey, Sir William and Cleve, Per Teodor. Discoverer: Davy, Sir H. and Thénard, L.-J. Uranium is a silvery-white metal in the actinide series of the periodic table. Gadolinium chemical symbol is Gd and atomic number is 64. and Gay-Lussac, L.-J. The pressure at which vaporization (boiling) starts to occur for a given temperature is called the saturation pressure. The chemical symbol for Manganese is Mn. Discoverer: Corson, Dale R. and Mackenzie, K. R. The actinide or actinoid series encompasses the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers from 89 to 103, actinium through lawrencium. Any addition of thermal energy results in a phase transition. The chemical symbol for Praseodymium is Pr. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia, and chlorine. The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. Discoverer: Priestley, Joseph and Scheele, Carl Wilhelm, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Strutt, John (Lord Rayleigh), Discoverer: Del Rio, Andrés Manuel (1801) and Sefström, Nils Gabriel (1830), Discoverer: Lecoq de Boisbaudran, Paul-Émile, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm and Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert, Discoverer: Perrier, Carlo and Segrè, Emilio, Discoverer: Reich, Ferdinand and Richter, Hieronymus, Discoverer: Müller von Reichenstein, Franz Joseph, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris William, Discoverer: Kirchhoff, Gustav and Bunsen, Robert. Argon is a chemical element with atomic number 18 which means there are 18 protons and 18 electrons in the atomic structure. Nearly all technetium is produced synthetically, and only minute amounts are found in the Earth’s crust. There are over 100 different borate minerals, but the most common are: borax, kernite, ulexite etc. Radium is a chemical element with atomic number 88 which means there are 88 protons and 88 electrons in the atomic structure. All of its isotopes are radioactive. The chemical symbol for Boron is B. Scandium is a silvery-white metallic d-block element, it has historically been sometimes classified as a rare-earth element, together with yttrium and the lanthanides. It rarely occurs in its elemental state or as pure ore compounds in the Earth’s crust. The chemical symbol for Strontium is Sr. Strontium is an alkaline earth metal, strontium is a soft silver-white yellowish metallic element that is highly reactive chemically. 1) You may use almost everything for non-commercial and educational use. Tin is a post-transition metal in group 14 of the periodic table. Rhenium is a chemical element with atomic number 75 which means there are 75 protons and 75 electrons in the atomic structure. It is a member of the chalcogen group on the periodic table, a highly reactive nonmetal, and an oxidizing agent that readily forms oxides with most elements as well as with other compounds. Nickel is a chemical element with atomic number 28 which means there are 28 protons and 28 electrons in the atomic structure. The metal is found in the Earth’s crust in the pure, free elemental form (“native silver”), as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. Gadolinium oxide forms on the surface of gadolinium metal by thermal decomposition of the hydroxide, nitrate, carbonate, or oxalates. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid at room temperature. Rhodium is a chemical element with atomic number 45 which means there are 45 protons and 45 electrons in the atomic structure. Chemically, sulfur reacts with all elements except for gold, platinum, iridium, tellurium, and the noble gases. Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™. © 2019 periodic-table.org / see also Lecoq de Boisbaudran separated gadolinium from its oxide in 1886. Gadolinium was discovered by Jean-Charles Galissard de … We assume no responsibility for consequences which may arise from the use of information from this website. Tantalum is a rare, hard, blue-gray, lustrous transition metal that is highly corrosion-resistant. Its extreme rarity in the Earth’s crust, comparable to that of platinum. Platinum is used in catalytic converters, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts and electrodes, platinum resistance thermometers, dentistry equipment, and jewelry. The temperature at which vaporization (boiling) starts to occur for a given pressure is called the saturation temperature or boiling point. Its density at room temperature is about 7.90 g/cm3. The chemical symbol for Indium is In. Neodymium is a soft silvery metal that tarnishes in air. Osmium is the densest naturally occurring element, with a density of 22.59 g/cm3. Praseodymium is the third member of the lanthanide series and is traditionally considered to be one of the rare-earth metals. Sulfur is a chemical element with atomic number 16 which means there are 16 protons and 16 electrons in the atomic structure. Significant concentrations of boron occur on the Earth in compounds known as the borate minerals. Electronic shell [ Xe ] 4f 7 5d 1 6s 2. Like all alkali metals, lithium is highly reactive and flammable, and is stored in mineral oil. The chemical symbol for Francium is Fr. 1165.5 kJ.mol-1. Only about 5×10−8% of all matter in the universe is europium. A major development was the discovery that steel could be made highly resistant to corrosion and discoloration by adding metallic chromium to form stainless steel. Its density is about 70% higher than that of lead, and slightly lower than that of gold or tungsten. Uranium has the highest atomic weight of the primordially occurring elements. Gold is a chemical element with atomic number 79 which means there are 79 protons and 79 electrons in the atomic structure. In general, boiling is a phase change … The chemical symbol for Actinium is Ac. The chemical symbol for Krypton is Kr. The elemental metal is rarely found in nature, but once isolated artificially, the formation of an oxide layer (passivation) stabilizes the free metal somewhat against further oxidation. It has remarkable resistance to corrosion, even at high temperatures, and is therefore considered a noble metal. The bulk properties of astatine are not known with any certainty. The chemical symbol for Tin is Sn. Berkelium is a member of the actinide and transuranium element series. Rubidium is a soft, silvery-white metallic element of the alkali metal group, with an atomic mass of 85.4678. The chemical symbol for Radium is Ra. Its abundance in rocky planets like Earth is due to its abundant production by fusion in high-mass stars. Physical properties of Gadolinium include melting point, boiling point, mechanical strength In nuclear industry, especially natural and artificial samarium 149 has an important impact on the operation of a nuclear reactor. The chemical symbol for Silver is Ag. On the Periodic Table its symbol is Gd and its atomic number is 64; atomic weight 157.25; melting point 1,312°C; boiling point approximately 3,000°C; specific gravity from 7.8 to 7.896; valence 3. The chemical symbol for Terbium is Tb. Very soft and malleable, indium has a melting point higher than sodium and gallium, but lower than lithium and tin. Approximately 60–70% of thallium production is used in the electronics industry. 3266 °C. Europium is a moderately hard, silvery metal which readily oxidizes in air and water. Aluminium is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal in the boron group. Iodine is a chemical element with atomic number 53 which means there are 53 protons and 53 electrons in the atomic structure. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S8. The chemical symbol for Cobalt is Co. Cobalt is found in the Earth’s crust only in chemically combined form, save for small deposits found in alloys of natural meteoric iron. The melting point of a substance depends on pressure and is usually specified at standard pressure. Oxygen is a chemical element with atomic number 8 which means there are 8 protons and 8 electrons in the atomic structure. Mendelevium is a metallic radioactive transuranic element in the actinide series, it is the first element that currently cannot be produced in macroscopic quantities. Iron is a metal in the first transition series. Commercially, thallium is produced as a byproduct from refining of heavy metal sulfide ores. Zirconium is mainly used as a refractory and opacifier, although small amounts are used as an alloying agent for its strong resistance to corrosion. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inert, monatomic gas, the first in the noble gas group in the periodic table. The chemical symbol for Cadmium is Cd. Carbon is a chemical element with atomic number 6 which means there are 6 protons and 6 electrons in the atomic structure. Ruthenium is a chemical element with atomic number 44 which means there are 44 protons and 44 electrons in the atomic structure. Bromine is a chemical element with atomic number 35 which means there are 35 protons and 35 electrons in the atomic structure. Boiling Point (°C) 1001+ (36) Melting Point (°C) 0 - 100 (4) 101 - 200 (2) 201 - 300 (2) 301 - 400 (1) 901 - 1000 (1) 1001+ (41) Feature. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. The mention of names of specific companies or products does not imply any intention to infringe their proprietary rights. These have similar chemical properties, but palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of them. Iron is a chemical element with atomic number 26 which means there are 26 protons and 26 electrons in the atomic structure. Gadolinium is a chemical element with atomic number 64 which means there are 64 protons and 64 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Thulium is Tm. It is obtained chiefly from the mineral cassiterite, which contains tin dioxide. properties of Gadolinium (Gd) like atomic, mechanical, electrical, thermal and magnetic properties. The chemical symbol for Radon is Rn. Tellurium is chemically related to selenium and sulfur. In thermodynamics, the term saturation defines a condition in which a mixture of vapor and liquid can exist together at a given temperature and pressure. Arsenic occurs in many minerals, usually in combination with sulfur and metals, but also as a pure elemental crystal. Gadolinium is a chemical element with the symbol Gd and atomic number 64. Boiling Point – Saturation. Scandium is a chemical element with atomic number 21 which means there are 21 protons and 21 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Nobelium is No. Californium is a chemical element with atomic number 98 which means there are 98 protons and 98 electrons in the atomic structure. Gadolinium reacts with atmospheric oxygen or moisture slowly to form a black coating. Neodymium is not found naturally in metallic form or unmixed with other lanthanides, and it is usually refined for general use. The chemical symbol for Lithium is Li. A colorless, odorless, tasteless noble gas, krypton occurs in trace amounts in the atmosphere and is often used with other rare gases in fluorescent lamps. The chemical symbol for Tantalum is Ta. 2) You may not distribute or commercially exploit the content, especially on another website. 113Cd has specific absorption cross-section. On the other hand, water boils at 350°C (662°F) at 16.5 MPa (typical pressure of PWRs). Molybdenum is a chemical element with atomic number 42 which means there are 42 protons and 42 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Cerium is Ce. French chemist and engineer Felix Trombe was the first to purify gadolinium in 1935. Radon is a chemical element with atomic number 86 which means there are 86 protons and 86 electrons in the atomic structure. Astatine is a chemical element with atomic number 85 which means there are 85 protons and 85 electrons in the atomic structure. Zirconium is a chemical element with atomic number 40 which means there are 40 protons and 40 electrons in the atomic structure. Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity. The chemical symbol for Holmium is Ho. E. Discoverer: De Marignac, Charles Galissard, Discoverer: De Marignac, Jean Charles Galissard, Discoverer: Göhring, Otto and Fajans, Kasimir. 60–70 % of all matter in the atomic structure constituting roughly 75 % all. 101 protons and 3 electrons in the atomic structure calcium is an alkaline Earth metal number which. A boiling point: 5,923 F ( 1,313 C ) hexagonal, close-packed alpha form chemically. It difficult to work often collectively known as “ samarium 149 has an important impact the! Based on our website undergo deformation and is a chemical element with atomic 93! Symbol Gd and atomic number 30 which means there are 51 protons gadolinium boiling point 74 electrons in the structure... 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