Chung and colleagues identified macelignan as an active compound. The characteristic aroma results from the terpenes, such as pinene, sabinene, limonene, borneol, terpineol, eugenol and isoeugenol, camphene, and phellandrene. However, the clinical efficacy in long-term trials is still to be investigated. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Shigella dysenteriae and Salmonella typhi. Apart from these two, previously known steroids, other lignans and neolignans were isolated from the … The results of the electronic nose investigations show that MVOC can be detected in an early state of mold growth even when mycelium growth was not visible. "male" or staminate flowers and "female" or carpellateflowers are borne on different plants, although occasional individuals produce both kinds of flower. The bright, scarlet colored aril which surrounds the seed is known as mace and is also a prominent spice. The content of essential oil of nutmeg is in the range of 5–13%. 1]: t. 2757 (1827) [L. Guilding], http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. KH Sholeh Iskandar Km. It is the major component of oil of sassafras, and lesser quantities occur in essential oils from cinnamon, mace, nutmeg, and star anise. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The seed of the tree Myristica fragrans delivers the nutmeg surrounded by seed coat, called mace. Myristica aromatica Lam. Nutmeg is a tropical spice that delivers two distinct flavors. About the Author Mel9 Brisbane 29th October 2012 11:51pm #UserID: 7377 Posts: 1 View All Mel9's Edible Fruit Trees The nutmeg tree is now cultivated widely all over the tropical zones. Both are used commonly for treating stomach discomfort, peptic ulcer, flatulence, and anxiety. It showed antibacterial effect against Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus salivarius, and Lactobacillus casei. The functional properties and uses of nutmeg and mace are also discussed. Several compounds were identified in nutmeg and mace of the plant with terpinen-4-ol, β-pinene, and limonene being the dominant constituents common to volatile oil in all species. The Fruit Characteristics of Ambon Forest Nutmeg (Myristica fatua Houtt) and Banda Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) Karmanah Karmanah Graduate School, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680 and Faculty of Agriculture, Nusa Bangsa University, Jl. Elizabeth A. Hausner DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABT, Robert H. Poppenga DVM, PhD, DABVT, in Small Animal Toxicology (Third Edition), 2013. Myristica fragrans (MF) is an evergreen tree whose fruit is used to produce mace (aril) and nutmeg. The species is dioecious, i.e. ABOUT THIS FRUITING TROPICAL True Nutmeg Tree (myristica fragrans) – Grow your own Nutmeg and Mace and elevate your cooking to a whole new level. fruit oil Myristica fragrans, essential oil Myristica fragrans, ext Myristica fragrans, ext. MYRISTICA FRAGRANS FRUIT GOO22BTU71 Overview Names 7: Audit Info References 10: Substance Class: Structurally Diverse Source Materials Class: ORGANISM: Source Materials Type: PLANT: Source Materials Parent: MF7T8BM40A. Seed is covered with red threads called mace. ), and also other molecules such as myristic acid, myristicin, and lignin compounds. … Its main phytochemicals include limonene, sabinene, α-pinene, β-pinene, myristicin, sabinene, and safrol. Fig. Myristica fragrans, Myristicaceae. Nutmeg, (Myristica fragrans), tropical evergreen tree (family Myristicaceae) and the spice made of its seed. 1]: t. 2756 (1827) [L. Guilding], Curtis’s Botanical Magazine, vol. The Nutmeg is also deliciously fragrant. 2, vol. When fully mature it splits in two, exposing a crimson-colored edible pulp surrounding a single seed, the nutmeg. In the Venezuelan Guayana region, the wood of Iryanthera lancifolia is used for lumber and the reddish sap of Virola surinamensis is used to seal wounds. Experiments in mice have suggested the possibility of transplacental and lactational carcinogenesis. Several lignans and neolignans have also been isolated in various parts of the plant. In order to study mold infestation, nutmeg powder was infested with Penicillium verruculosum. LDA plot of electronic nose data from head-space analysis of nutmeg infested with P. verruculosum during 9 days. The mold growth was investigated and the evolution of gaseous metabolites (MVOC) was analyzed by an electronic nose. Nurjanah et al. OTHER: The Nutmeg Tree, or Pala, is a small tropical evergreen tree native to the "Spice Islands" of Indonesia. In this chapter, pharmacological and phytochemical studies on Myristica fragrans have been reviewed. 2, vol. However, only a few studies have been conducted using nutmeg extracts against oral bacteria. True Nutmeg Tree (myristica fragrans) – Grow your own Nutmeg and Mace and elevate your cooking to a whole new level. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Gomathi Periasamy, ... Anwar-ul-Hassan Gilani, in Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety, 2016. J.P. Janovec, R. García, in Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences, 2004. According to TCM, the most common applications of nutmeg are in preventing diarrhea and gastroenteritis. Scientific Name: Myristica fragrans Houtt. Originating from the tropics, Fragrans is an evergreen tree reaching up to 90 feet tall with alternate leaves of dark green. NAME 1.1 Scientific name Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristica fragrans, popularly known as “‘Rou Dou Kou” or “Nutmeg” belongs to the family Myristicaceae. It is a well-known aromatic perennial plant with a characteristic scent that possesses multiple medicinal applications, being used to treat stomach ulcers, indigestion, liver disorders, and as emmenagogue, nervine, diuretic, diaphoretic, and aphrodisiac. The tree is native to the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, of Indonesia and is principally cultivated there and in the West Indies. A neolignan, erythrosurinamensin and a diaryl phenyl propanoid, virolane were isolated from Myristica fragrans for the first time. Nutmeg is derived from the seed of Myristica fragrans, and the spice, mace, is derived from the seed coat. On the contrary, it showed only weak activity against Actinomyces viscosus, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Staphylococcus aureus (Chung et al., 2006). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012375688610012X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444537171011203, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012818593300004X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124166417000699, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128002438000123, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781455707171000260, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0121451607002027, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000236, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780857090393500220, Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs (Sixteenth Edition), Antimicrobial properties of selected plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Functional and Preservative Properties of Phytochemicals, Gomathi Periasamy, ... Anwar-ul-Hassan Gilani, in, Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety, Electronic Noses for the Quality Control of Spices, Electronic Noses and Tongues in Food Science, Hazards Associated with the Use of Herbal and Other Natural Products∗, Elizabeth A. Hausner DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABT, Robert H. Poppenga DVM, PhD, DABVT, in, Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, Handbook of Herbs and Spices (Second Edition), Volume 1. The International Standards applicable for trade in spices such as nutmeg and mace are also described. The species is dioecious, i.e. ), belonging to the family Myristicaceae, is a spice seed from the fruit of a tropical evergreen tree. with help from The small, yellow, fleshy flowers are unisexual, and the plants producing them are dioecious—i.e., the male and female flowers are produced on separate trees. The fruit, which is called a drupe or a nutmeg apple, is similar in appearance to a peach or an apricot. In Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs (Sixteenth Edition), 2016. (2017) investigated the antibacterial activity of M. fragrans essential oil against gram-positive bacteria, viz. Datasheet. This species is also cultivated in areas of Central America and the Caribbean. Some important antimicrobial compounds in M. fragrans seeds like alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, p-cymene, carvacrol, and b-caryophyllene were found effective against Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Alcaligenes faecalis, Bacillus subtilis, Beneckea natriegens, Brevibacterium linens, Brocothrix thermosphacta, Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter aerogenes, Erwinia carotovora, E. coli, Flavobacterium suaveolens, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Lactobacillus plantarum, Micrococcus luteus, Moraxella sp., Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella pullorum, Serratia marcescens, S. aureus, and Yersinia enterocolitica (Dorman and Deans, 2004). It is widely grown across the tropics including Guangdong and Yunnan in China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Grenada in the Caribbe Any help would be much appreciated. It is an aromatic evergreen tree with spreading branches and a yellow fleshy fruit similar in appearance to an apricot or peach. The kernel constitutes 16–17% and mace constitutes 2.0–2.5% by weight of the fruit. the hilum (Myristicaceae). Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree : There are 3 individuals of Myristica fragrans listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. The toxicity of nutmeg is uncertain, although case reports suggest that if ingested doses are sufficient, acute toxicity can occur. Myristica fragrans is a handsome evergreen with dark leaves that reaches a height of 9 to 18 metres (30 to 60 feet). Myristica amboinensis Gand. This slow-growing evergreen grows to more than 20 m and is cultivated in India, Ceylon, Malaysia, and Granada. Myristica ... Common Name: Nutmeg. Economically, the most important species, Myristica fragrans, is Asiatic and is widely cultivated as the source of nutmeg (the ground seed) and mace (the dried aril). The nutmeg fruit is similar in appearance to an apricot. Nutmegs are ovoid (2–3.5 cm by 1.5–3 cm) and the kernels are grayish brown externally and reticulately marked with small furrows. fleshy or membraneous tissue surrounding certain seeds and attached to the seeds at one point only, i.e. Nutmeg contains 25–30% fixed oils and 5–15% volatile oils (camphrene, eugenol, etc. Fruit cut open to reveal the seed - the spices nutmeg and mace Photograph by: Baptiste Vauchelle. Sylvester et al. Virola surinamensis is also valued as timber, especially in the plywood industry. See Figures 2 and 3. 54 [ser. These plants prefer warm & humid conditions. Cecile Badet, in Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011. Die Pflanzenwelt (1913-1922.) If you would like to support this site, please consider, Fruit cut open to reveal the seed - the spices nutmeg and mace, Drawing of the leaves, flowers, fruit and seed, Ko?hler, F.E., Medizinal Pflanzen, vol. Myristicaceae + Synonyms. S. aureus, Staphylococcus epidermis, and gram-negative bacteria, viz. Mace and nutmeg are 2 slightly different flavored spices, both originating from the fruit of the nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans. The ethanolic extract of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) was studied in albino rabbits for its effects on experimentally induced hyperlipidaemia. Nutmeg was probably imported into Europe during the 12th century, by Arab merchants. MYRISTICA FRAGRANS WHOLE. Media in category "Myristica fragrans" The following 120 files are in this category, out of 120 total. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Oleoresins, nutmeg butter and essential oils are also derived from M. fragrans and they find varied uses in the food, medicine and perfume industries. Figure 4.10. It has been used in folk medicine for multiple purposes (antithrombotic, antitumor, and anti-inflammatory) (Chung et al., 2006). Possibility of transplacental and lactational carcinogenesis include limonene, sabinene, α-pinene, β-pinene, myristicin, ( )... Thomas Hübert,... Ravindra Shukla, in electronic Noses and Tongues in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety 2016. ) and the spice Islands ) of Indonesia there are 3 individuals of Myristica fragrans,! Food, medicine, and gram-negative bacteria, viz nutmegs are ovoid ( 2–3.5 cm 1.5–3... Or mace of myristica fragrans fruit Sciences, 2004 main Phytochemicals include limonene, sabinene, and principally! In category `` Myristica fragrans is an egg-shaped seed from Myristica fragrans the! R. 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