Interesting facts about Maryland Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States . The new colony was named Maryland in honor of Henrietta Maria, the queen consort of Charles I. George Calvert had previously been involved in a settlement in Newfoundland but, finding the land inhospitable, hoped this new colony would be a financial success. Maryland’s first public television programs were broadcast on October 5, 1969. Saint Mary’s County was the first county on August 22, 1666. Yet despite of its small size, Maryland leads in other areas. Their first concert was conducted on February 11, 1916 by Gustav Strube. William Nuthead started the first printing business in St. Mary’s City in 1685. The settlers arrived at St. Clement's Island on March 25, 1634, and founded St. Mary's City. In 1700 there were about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had grown more than 5 times to 130,000. In 1632, he received a charter from King Charles I to found a colony east of the Potomac River. The Maryland Colony's first settlement was St. Mary's City, which was built along the Chesapeake Bay. Fun Facts about Maryland Counties County Names. Facts about The Colony Of Maryland. Over the next 15 years, the number of Protestant settlers steadily increased, and there was fear that religious liberty would be taken away from the Catholic population. mrnussbaum.com. Cecil's father, George Calvert, had received a royal charter for the land from King Charles I. Francis Scott Key wrote the National Anthem while watching the bombardment of Fort McHenry during the War of 1812.; During the 1800s, Baltimore served as the second … And like our country, Mary… Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government.". The Maryland Colony was founded in 1632 after its charter was approved by King Charles I. The new colony was named after Henrietta Maria, the wife of the king. It shares state borders with West Virginia, Virginia, Washington D.C., Pennsylvania and Delaware. Plantations in the Maryland Colony were dominated by tobacco, and as prices dropped the plantation owners grew to rely heavily on slaves to maximize profits. The idea for an English colony along the Chesapeake Bay where Catholics could live and worship in peace came from George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore. What's your favorite fun fact about Maryland? Multiple categories are supported. Maryland has been called \"America in Miniature\" because so much is packed into its 10,460 square miles of land and water. The 13 original colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. The Act of Toleration was passed in 1649 by Governor William Stone to protect those who believed in Jesus Christ. Paleo-Indians first inhabited what is now the state of Maryland. Fast Facts: Maryland Colony. The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. Livestock was also commonly raised in the Maryland Colony. However, this act was repealed in 1654 when outright conflict occurred and the Puritans took control of the colony. Get Maryland facts, maps, and pictures in this U.S. state profile from National Geographic Kids. Native Americans split control of the region before the arrival of Europeans. Maryland's northern border was established after a legal dispute which resulted in the Mason-Dixon Line in 1763. The red and white design belongs to the Crossland family. In England, Catholics faced widespread discrimination; for example, they were not allowed to hold public office, and in 1666 they were blamed for the Great Fire of London. Anti-Catholic actions occurred in the colony all the way up until the 18th century. The original Maryland Colony encompassed a lot more land than it does today as the state of Maryland. Major industry in the Maryland Colony included agriculture, iron works, shipbuilding and other manufacturing. Charles I, for his part, was to be given a share of the income that the new colony created. The Maryland State House in Annapolis is the oldest state capitol still in continuous legislative use. He also wished to found the colony for economic gain. The black and Gold designs belong to the Calvert family. It is ranked as the 42nd largest state in U.S. They became heavily involved in the cultivation of tobacco, which was their primary cash crop along with wheat and corn. Maryland's signers included Samuel Chase, William Paca, Charles Carroll, and Thomas Stone. Maryland - Maryland - The colony: In 1608 the English explorer Capt. Francis Scott Key, the author of the National anthem was born on September 14, 1814 in Maryland. Even though Maryland is a small state it has great skiing resorts AND beach resorts. A historical marker for the Mason–Dixon Line. It was the first settlement in the New World to guarantee religious freedom for all Trinitarian Christians. The Maryland Colony was founded in 1632 after its charter was approved by King Charles I. 1-5 Maryland Facts 1. Maryland planters also made extensive use of indentured servants and penal labor. The Maryland Colony became a state on April 28. Like other settlements in the New World, the Maryland Colony was established as a religious refuge. 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