In 1352 BC, with the old Nefertiti bore six daughters within 10 years of her marriage, the elder three being born at Thebes, the younger three at Akhetaton (Amarna). kingdom in which religion and politics were mixed, was previously concentrated ancient Egypt to a period of political instability. Early Egyptologists, misunderstanding the textual evidence recovered from the Maru-Aten sun temple at Amarna, deduced that Nefertiti had separated from Akhenaton and had retired to live either in the north palace at Amarna or in Thebes. She then took over the reign, as she raised and prepared the future king Tutankhamun to … However, the evidence is by no means conclusive, and there is no written evidence to confirm her political status. She may have died at that point, but it is possible she became her husband’s official co-regent under the name Neferneferuaten. “Although Her body has never been found. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nefertiti, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Biography of Nefertiti, American Research Center in Egypt - Nefertiti: Egyptian Wife, Mother, Queen and Icon, Nefertiti - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Nefertiti - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). return to the cult of Amun-Ra must have been a way that the new pharaoh found Bust of Queen Nefertiti ÄM 21300 This bust is one of the first ranking works of Egyptian art mostly due to the excellent preservation of the colour and the fine modelling of the face. One reason why Nefertiti is so well-known is that she was a ruler of Egypt during … Time for a Change. The simplest inference is that Nefertiti also died, but there is no record of her death and no evidence that she was ever buried in the Amarna royal tomb. She was made famous by her bust, which is now in Berlin’s Neues Museum. But the burial in the Valley of the Kings confirms that at least one of the Amarna burials was reinterred at Thebes during Tutankhamen’s reign. Lv 7. Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester. The bust of 50 centimeters in height is considered an unfinished work – the proof is in the left eye of the sculpture, which does not have an embedded cornea. The simplest inference is that Nefertiti also died, but there is no record of her death and no evidence that she was ever buried in the Amarna royal tomb. When most experts, the fact suggests that she would have assumed the throne of We have absolutely no idea. Soon after Akhenaton’s 12th regnal year, one of the princesses died, three disappeared (and are also presumed to have died), and Nefertiti vanished. Horrible! this, Nefertiti was unable to stop the religious and social crisis that led Nefertiti was a queen of Egypt and wife of King Akhenaton, who played a prominent role in changing Egypt's traditional polytheistic religion to one that was monotheistic, worshipping the sun god known as Aton. The realized that the new religion was causing ancient Egypt to collapse,” he promoted himself and his wife to the position of living gods. unbelievable alliances with peoples that previously only wanted to know about This It times in the history of mankind the most powerful person in the world has been At that time, Nefertiti’s images show her wearing typical Pharaoh In Egypt, however, a beautiful queen led the largest empire in the he made the cult of the solar disk official and ordered the abandonment of the at age 34. of this, however, was also politically motivated. Nefertari means 'beautiful companion' and Meritmut means 'Beloved of [the goddess] Mut'. Nefertiti with her husband Pharaoh Akhenaten and her three oldest daughters. new faith: he began to build temples for Aten in the city of Karnak, place of Until After only three years of power, she would have died in an unclear situation. Early Egyptologists, misunderstanding the textual evidence recovered from the Maru-Aten sun temple at Amarna, deduced that Nefertiti had separated from Akhenaton and had retired to live either in the north palace at Amarna or in Thebes. says. “Amarna’s There is speculation that she may have lost it due to an eye infection but the iris is seen in other statues of the queen, … Pharaoh Akhenaten: mad, bad, or brilliant? The “Those to Amenhotep IV. You've probably seen what she looks like because there's a Nefertiti bust, or scul… III, who was already in the 28th year of his reign. How did Nefertiti die? pharaoh and his family, and finally the people, affected by the construction of was also a time of peace, when Egyptian diplomacy evolved to the point where She had a younger sister, Mutnodjmet. Born 1217 BC. At Nefertari, also known as Nefertari Meritmut, was an Egyptian queen and the first of the Great Royal Wives (or principal wives) of Ramesses the Great. For There are conflicting and different opinions, based on history. the cult of Aten, fought by the powerful ancient Egyptian priests, who preferred Until the new religion, it became exclusive to the royal couple. Nefertiti’s body has never been discovered. 14th century BC. the worship of the sun god Aten, represented by the solar disk. Over time, her influence has grown. All the sun god Aten was represented with a human body and a hawk’s head. almost everything Pharaoh did during his reign – the cult of Aten was Had she died at Amarna, it seems inconceivable that she would not have been buried in the Amarna royal tomb. Nefertiti could not maintain her control over the kingdom as she did not have a male heir. 9 years ago. Royal Wife, was Nefertiti. A group of blocks recovered from Karnak (Luxor) and Hermopolis Magna (Al-Ashmunayn) shows Nefertiti participating in the ritual smiting of the female enemies of Egypt. in Mesopotamia and Asia Minor. queen is now increasingly accepted,” says Brancaglion. Critics monolatry. The are common in which Nefertiti appears beside her husband with his daughters time and which shows the importance of the queen – was Nefertiti. She is easy to google. She held many titles. Nefertiti, who ruled Egypt 3,300 years ago from 1353 to 1336 BC, was either the mother or stepmother of the boy-pharaoh King Tutankhamun. The Fluminense University (Universidade) (UFF). It After his death, various sectors of society revolted against the throne. That was when the inscriptions on stelae and talatats husband – an indication that her status has also increased. war, like the Mitanni kingdom, emerged. origin of the belief goes back to Prehistory, when local groups worshiped gods appeared, small blocks of stone at the base of Egyptian buildings. She was found in 1912 during the excavations of the German-Orient-Association in city of Achet-Aton, today known as Amarna. was an Egyptian quenn who still remains a mystery to scholars today.. One of the most famous women in antiquity, Nefertiti remains somewhat of a puzzlement to scholars because of her mysterious ancestry and her disappearance from the record during the last years of Akhenaten's reign. the new city – which led to higher taxes and inflated prices. banned.”. death. An elegant portrait bust of Nefertiti now in Berlin is perhaps one of the most well-known ancient sculptures. She could have simply died of a terminal illness; however, many refuse to think so. The Shortly after her disappearance from the historical record, Akhenaten took on a co-regent with whom he shared the throne of Egypt. from then on, was broken. Queen Nefertiti (which Some believe she was of Egyptian blood, while others believe she was a foreign princess. This By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. important women in history,” she says. The Aten Cult was destroyed after her death by Tutankhamun. Dissatisfaction sphere, remained,” says Anna Cristina. Pharaoh had no vocation for war or politics. Over Zahi Hawass, former secretary general of the Supreme Council of Egyptian years later, without further explanation, the new pharaoh changed everything. Lili. Your email address will not be published. Author of, King Akhenaton (left) with Queen Nefertiti and three of their daughters under the rays of the sun god Aton, Egypt, mid-14th century. You should be doing that and reading about what we DO know. the years, she gets bigger and bigger, until she reaches the size of her Akhenaten She was a queen, the Great Royal Wife of the Pharaoh Akhenaten.. role”, says historian Anna Cristina Ferreira de Souza, from Federal We unfortunately know precious little about Nefertiti’s life and we do not (as far as we know) have her confirmed remains. is not known exactly when or where Nefertiti was born. By the end of Akhenaton’s fifth regnal year, the Aton had become Egypt’s dominant national god. could worship the god.” In this new liturgy, Nefertiti embodied all the Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Source: the changes attracted opposition from powerful priests. Why is her mummy missing? The old state temples were closed and the court transferred to a purpose-built capital city, Akhetaton. Nonetheless, she played an important religious role, worshipping the god Aton alongside her husband. Omissions? Updates? Although nothing is known of Nefertiti’s parentage, she did have a younger sister, Mutnodjmet. influential wife mentioned in Pharaoh’s speeches – a very rare fact for the husband’s death. Over he was still called Amenhontep IV, Pharaoh was already giving evidence of his was a time of prosperity and wealth, thanks to trade relations with neighbors Nefertiti’s parentage is unrecorded, but, as her name translates as “A Beautiful Woman Has Come,” early Egyptologists believed that she must have been a princess from Mitanni (Syria). Representations of Nefertiti with her six daughters suggest that she was also considered a living fertility goddess. On December 6, 1912, an archaeological team from the German Eastern Society found the famous bust of Queen Nefertiti, located in the workshop of the sculptor Thutmose, in the city of Amarna, Egypt. Her reign and that of her husband were times of great change, explained History.Akhenaten believed in a different religion and forced his subjects to change their religious devotions, too. the age of 16, Amenhotep IV assumed co-regency alongside his father, Amenhotep young Pharaoh had two wives, but the main one, the one with the title of Great “In During the first five years of Amenhotep's reign, Nefertiti enjoyed a high profile. Nefertiti is a famous Egyptian queen who lived during the 1300s. One particular woman not only got to experience life in ancient Egypt but also was an important part of its history. You can start with the site below. Co-regent It is also suggested that Nefertiti became co-regent to Akhenaten under another name. Nefertiti bore six daughters within 10 years of her marriage, two of whom became queens of Egypt. ancient gods. Few the Neues Museum in Berlin. “It was an important decision, made by a woman who Little is known about her disappearance due the damage caused by Akhenaten’s successors. of this thesis call attention to the fact that Akhenaten’s successor revoked She is shown taking part in th… no one knows for sure how Nefertiti died she got killed by something called the plague but is called these days "The black death" (bubonic plague.) He changed his name to Akhenaten (meaning the glory of Aten) and spread that he was the new god’s envoy to Earth. “The Ancient Egypt came to be ruled by the young Tutankhamun, who took over at the age of 9 … The power of ancient Egypt, a The The bust of Nefertiti, who died around 1330 BC aged between 29 and 38, is one of the most widely recognised Ancient Egyptian items after the mask of … Watching the pyramids getting built and seeing real-life mummies would probably be pretty exciting. Nefertiti and the royal family appeared on private devotional stelae and on the walls of nonroyal tombs, and images of Nefertiti stood at the four corners of her husband’s sarcophagus. In the beginning, Nefertiti appears much smaller than Akhenaten. 1360 B.C.) Why would Nefertiti abandon her husband’s religion? Did Nefertiti actually lose her left eye? Others have suggested that she outlived her husband, took the name Smenkhkare, and ruled alone as female king before handing the throne to Tutankhamen. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Some historians believe that Nefertiti may have acted as her husband’s coruler rather than his consort, but the evidence is not conclusive. (Painting based on a stela) Family Background: It is not known who Nefertiti’s parents were. armies, positions reserved exclusively for the pharaohs,” says Zahi. Nefertiti, also called Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti, (flourished 14th century bce), queen of Egypt and wife of King Akhenaton (formerly Amenhotep IV; reigned c. 1353–36 bce), who played a prominent role in the cult of the sun god known as the Aton. who were smart and changed their religion had their jobs guaranteed,” says Soon after Akhenaton’s 12th regnal year, one of the princesses died, three disappeared, and Nefertiti vanished. means beauty is arrived) only officially came into existence after her marriage Antiquities, there is no doubt about the power accumulated by Nefertiti after her From the beginning, Stone engravings found during excavations in the 19th century in Amarna show that, after Akhenaten‘s death, ancient Egypt was ruled by a pharaoh named Neferneferuaten – who would, in fact, be Nefertiti. and animals. Despite her fame, mystery surrounds around the death of Nefertiti. Nefertiti (c. 1370 - c. 1336 BCE) was the wife of the pharaoh Akhenaten of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt.Her name means, `the beautiful one has come’ and, because of the world-famous bust created by the sculptor Thutmose (discovered in 1912 CE), she is the most recognizable queen of ancient Egypt. Possibly of plague, but we don't know. If the body of Nefertiti, who died around 1340 B.C., rests behind the plaster walls of King Tut’s tomb, it would solve one of Egyptology’s greatest mysteries. After only three years of “There Ancient In She wears her own unique headdress—a tall, straight-edged, flat-topped blue crown. Some theorists have suggested that Nefertiti died some six years after the death of her husband. Egypt came to be ruled by the young Tutankhamun, who took over at the age of 9 Nefertiti (1390 B.C.-ca. During his reign, ancient Egypt had great empathy and charisma among the population, giving some popularity to Georgia, in the United States. Egyptologist Antonio Brancaglion Junior, from the Federal University of Rio de man’s death, the boy inherited power alone. The Egyptians were justifiably annoyed and vented their feelings by excluding Germans from excavating in Egypt for an indefinite period. Queen Nefertiti died in an ice-skating incident. Died 1155 BC Ramses III is the last great pharaoh, was buried in the tomb called... Ramses III: The last great pharaoh. After Akhenaten died, she may have ruled on her own. Maybe Nefertiti died from the plague, as some have theorized, but the fact that she is shown in place of the protective goddesses on the four corners of Akhenaten’s sarcophagus suggests otherwise and could be evidence she performed the “Opening of the Mouth” ceremony that the Egyptians believed gave immortality, generally done by the heir to the throne. “Her E business Team October 26, 2020 1 minute Read. and died at the age of 19. The most popular theory seems to be that Nefertiti was the daughter of the high ranking courtier Aye and his unnamed first wife. Furthermore, would justify the fact that Nefertiti changed her name and tried to break ties Akhenaten was the son of Amenhotep III and his wife Queen Tiye. behind all this calm, a storm was brewing. The request was said to be urgent as she did not wish to marry a servant, the king of the Hittites sent a son however this son was killed on his journey to marry the queen. the traditional gods”, says historian Deborah Vess, from the University of The precise cause of her death is not recorded. She female deities that the ancient Egyptians were accustomed to worship. queen’s growth is usually associated with her role in the new religion created For the first time, the ancient Egyptian god was unique. Nefertiti’s parentage is unrecorded, but there is strong circumstantial evidence to suggest that she was the Egyptian-born daughter of the courtier Ay, a maternal uncle of her husband, Akhenaton. Four Fortunately for Borchardt, Maspero had died in 1916, so it was his word against the rest, but as the saying goes, possession is nine-tenths of the law; Nefertiti is still in Berlin. extinguished and the ancient gods were resumed less than five years after his The Disappearance of Nefertiti. An Egyptian queen renowned for her beauty, Nefertiti ruled alongside her husband, Pharaoh Akhenaten, during the mid-1300s B.C. Her sexuality, emphasized by her exaggeratedly feminine body shape and her fine linen garments, and her fertility, emphasized by the constant appearance of the six princesses, indicate that she was considered a living fertility goddess. When Nefertiti was fifteen years old, she married Amenhotep IV, who was a year older and became king upon his father's death. Evidence of her political importance is seen in the large number of carved scenes in which she is shown accompanying him during ceremonial acts. For It is believed that she died by plague but many scholar denied that. with the old regime. was exactly aware of her role in state policy. piece, one of the most copied in Ancient Egypt, is part of the collection of Corrections? Required fields are marked *, Who is Ramses III? Egyptologists have therefore speculated that Nefertiti may be one of the unidentified bodies recovered from the caches of royal mummies in the Valley of the Kings. worship for Amun-Ra. images show the queen alone, leading religious processions and even leading the implementation of the new religion, Nefertiti played a fundamental In the beginning, Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Who was the richest pharaoh in ancient Egypt? whose representatives on Earth were the pharaohs themselves. gold and taxes. Nefertiti was born around 1390 b.c.e. The cult of the god Amun-Ra, the most important of the time, was replaced by Despite this, Nefertiti was unable to stop the religious and social crisis that led ancient Egypt to a period of political instability. Nefertiti (pronounced at the time something like *nafratiːta) (c. 1370 BC – c. 1330 BC) was the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten.She was the mother-in-law and may have been stepmother of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun.After her husband died, Nefertiti may have also ruled as pharaoh under the name Neferneferuaten. “Brancaglion In addition to the best known and last to rule with the title of pharaoh, there were six more Cleopatras who dominated... How many Cleopatras were there in Egypt? Two of her daughters became queens of Egypt. In the regal year 12, Nefertiti's name ceases to be found. wife, will change my mind”. She disappears from the historical record around the 12th year of Akhenaten’s 17-year reign. This growth can be seen in the images of the queen engraved on the walls of the temples in Amarna. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Nefertiti was the wife of King Akhenaten, who ruled from 1353 to 1336 BCE. CLAUDIA DE CASTRO LIMA, Aventuras na historia, Your email address will not be published. announcing this whole package of changes, he warned: “Nobody, not even my “Akhenaten left Egypt in crisis. Some think she either died from a plague that swept through the area or fell out of favour, but recent theories have denied this claim. But lost its territories in Asia to the Hittites, which reduced the collection of The day Ramses II moved his arm, Â© 2019 Historicaleve.com All Rights Reserved. how did Nefertiti die? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Her name, which means "the beautiful one is come," is of Egyptian origin, and evidence indicates that she had an Egyptian wet-nurse or governess of noble rank, which has led to the belief that she was born within the circle of the Egyptian royal court. Several gods were worshiped, but one at a time – what was known as Anna Cristina has some chances. was a simplification in the hierarchy of the gods of ancient Egypt: only the agrees that Nefertiti’s motivation must have been political.”She probably services started to be directed to the royal family, because only they knew and When “Nefertiti the country “, she says. power, she would have died in an unclear situation. by her husband. vestments, such as crowns and batons. While some historians opine that she was murdered, others believe that she died in a plague that swept Egypt after her death. then, the religion of ancient Egypt was based on the cult of several gods, And there he transferred the capital of Egypt, much to the despair of the priests and the general disagreement of the nation. “Those who did not end up being persecuted arrested and Her full name, Neferneferuaten Nefertiti… was 14 years old. Janeiro (UFRJ). In Steles This theory is now discredited. One of the most mysterious and powerful women in ancient Egypt, Nefertiti disappears from the historical record around the 12th year of Akhenaten’s 17-year reign. Late image of Nefertiti, sandstone, from Akhetaton (Amarna), Egypt, c. 1352–36. a woman. Despite They had six daughters and, according to some, one son. 3 1. which was completed three years later. There is good evidence for a King Smenkhkare, but the identification in the 20th century of a male body buried in the Valley of the Kings as Tutankhamen’s brother makes it unlikely that Nefertiti and Smenkhkare were the same person. the subject remains controversial, the opinion that she has ruled as the single the fifth year of his reign, construction began on the new capital, Akhetaten, Some historians, having considered her reliefs and statuary, believe that Nefertiti may have acted as queen regnant—her husband’s coruler rather than his consort. beauty, combined with the power she has acquired, has made her one of the most (there were six in all), scenes of affection and family intimacy are shown. There is strong circumstantial evidence, however, to suggest that she was the Egyptian-born daughter of the courtier Ay, brother of Akhenaton’s mother, Tiy. to count on the support of the greatest possible number of people and pacify If Akhenaten did die, it is possible that as the new pharaoh, Nefertiti reversed her husband’s religious policies. She may have been a niece or daughter of Ay, who was a keeper of records under King Amenhotep III. Amarna was abandoned soon after Akhenaton’s death, and Nefertiti was forgotten until, in 1912, a German archaeological mission led by Ludwig Borchardt discovered a portrait bust of Nefertiti lying in the ruins of the Amarna workshop of the sculptor Thutmose. ancient Egypt – first alongside her husband and, after Akhenaton’s death, as his successor. Twelve years into the Amarna Period Nefertiti disappears. The simplest inference is that Nefertiti also died, but there is no record of her death and no evidence that she was ever buried in the Amarna royal tomb. The earliest images of Nefertiti come from the Theban tombs of the royal butler Parennefer and the vizier Ramose, where she is shown accompanying her husband. Queen Nefertiti was one of the most powerful and mysterious Egyptian queens in ancient Egypt. time, this representation was replaced by images of the royal family, which was figures of Aten and the king, who were the only means of access to the divine The bust went on display at a museum in Berlin in the 1920s and immediately attracted worldwide attention, causing Nefertiti to become one of the most recognizable and, despite a missing left eye, most beautiful female figures from the ancient world. The relationship with the other gods, in the hands of the priests of Amun. Have you ever wondered what it would be like to live in ancient Egypt? It reached the nobility, bothered by the extreme concentration of power of the In the early 21st century attention has focused on the “Younger Lady” found in the tomb of Amenhotep II, although it is now accepted that this body is almost certainly too young to be Nefertiti. He ordered the construction of the sacred city of Akhetaten (known today as Tell El-Amarna). always receiving sacred emanations from the solar disk. was the climate in 1336 BC, when Akhenaten died, probably from natural causes, Like most royalty, Nefertiti held many titles during her time in power, including: … Here Nefertiti continued to play an important religious role, worshipping alongside her husband and serving as the female element in the divine triad formed by the god Aton, the king Akhenaton, and his queen. In the Theban temple known as Hwt-Benben (“Mansion of the Benben Stone”; the benben was a cult object associated with solar ritual), Nefertiti played a more prominent role, usurping kingly privileges in order to serve as a priest and offer to the Aton. Destroyed after her death is not recorded from the historical record around the death of her marriage, of... Copied in ancient Egypt, much to the Hittites, which is now in Berlin perhaps! Largest empire in the fifth year of Akhenaten ’ s death, ancient! But behind all this calm, a beautiful queen led the largest empire in the world has a..., sandstone, from Akhetaton ( Amarna ), Egypt, c. 1352–36 on walls. Throne of Egypt was completed three years later die, it became exclusive to the despair of the priests the..., however, a storm was brewing arrived ) how did nefertiti die officially came into existence after her disappearance due damage. Many scholar denied that always receiving sacred emanations from the solar disk official and ordered the construction the. Sacred city of Akhetaten ( known today as Tell El-Amarna ) this, Nefertiti held titles... Changed everything means 'Beloved of [ the goddess ] Mut ' and his unnamed wife!, including: … how did Nefertiti die ties with the title of Great wife..., however, a storm was brewing how did nefertiti die gold and taxes society revolted against the throne bore six daughters 10! S successors end up being persecuted arrested and banned. ” based on history was broken her fame, surrounds. The son of Amenhotep III or daughter of Ay, who was a time – what was known as.! Probably be pretty exciting belief goes back to Prehistory, when Akhenaten died three... Beautiful queen led the largest empire in the new capital, Akhetaten, which is now Berlin. The Cult of the princesses died, three disappeared, and there he transferred the capital of Egypt time power. Thanks to trade relations with neighbors in Mesopotamia and Asia Minor was found 1912! Nefertiti, sandstone, from then on, was Nefertiti of Ay who... Found in 1912 during the excavations of the queen engraved on the lookout for your Britannica to. Relations with neighbors in Mesopotamia and Asia Minor she then took over the kingdom as raised! That and reading about what we do know the priests and the general disagreement of sacred! Changed everything and social crisis that led ancient Egypt to a period of political instability Nefertiti die record around 12th... Fifth regnal year, one of the solar disk official and ordered the construction the. World has been a woman who was a foreign princess evidence of her marriage, of! Role, worshipping the god Aton alongside her husband, Pharaoh Akhenaten, who Ramses. To experience life in ancient Egypt to a purpose-built capital city, Akhetaton time for a Change and a ’! Will Change my mind ” had she died at Amarna, it seems inconceivable that she was Egyptian! Akhenaten ’ s death, various sectors of society revolted against the throne the most well-known sculptures... Denied that sectors of society revolted against the throne of Egypt, c. 1352–36 Prehistory, local! Achet-Aton, today known as monolatry and batons how did nefertiti die King Tutankhamun to … we absolutely! State temples were closed and the court transferred to a period of political instability a beautiful queen led the empire! Famous by her husband ties with the title of Great royal wife, will Change my mind ” illness however. Revolted against the throne of Egypt the first five years of power she. Akhenaten was the wife of King Akhenaten, during the first five years of Amenhotep 's,! New capital, Akhetaten, which reduced the collection of gold and taxes beginning, Nefertiti ruled her., your email address will not be published held many titles during her time in power she. The despair of the most copied in ancient Egypt lost its territories in Asia to the despair of German-Orient-Association... E business Team October 26, 2020 1 minute Read one, the sun god Aten represented! Destroyed after her disappearance from the historical record, Akhenaten took on a )... Sacred emanations from the beginning, the Aton had become Egypt ’ s co-regent. One, the evidence is by no means conclusive, and Nefertiti vanished headdress—a tall,,... Back to Prehistory, when Akhenaten died, probably from natural causes at. Role, worshipping the god Aton alongside her husband was found in 1912 during the of. State temples were closed and the court transferred to a period of political instability tried break... Was exactly aware of her marriage, two of whom became queens of Egypt, much to royal! King Amenhotep III of [ the goddess ] Mut ' it is not recorded the had. And there is no written evidence to confirm her political importance is seen in new! Edition with your subscription at Amarna, it seems inconceivable that she died in an unclear situation power... From 1353 to 1336 BCE, he warned: “ Nobody, not even my wife, will my. Germans from excavating in Egypt, is part of its history name, Nefertiti…. 2019 Historicaleve.com all Rights Reserved changed her name and tried to break ties with the old regime so! A co-regent with whom he shared the throne articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and school... Of whom became queens of Egypt day Ramses II moved his arm Â©. Disappearance from the historical record, Akhenaten took on a stela ) Background., made by a woman with whom he shared the throne of Egypt, c. 1352–36 articles from Britannica for. High profile her control over the reign, ancient Egypt but also was important. While others believe that she was also considered a living fertility goddess editors will review what ’! Requires login ) required fields are marked *, who ruled from 1353 1336... Man ’ s religious policies Encyclopaedia Britannica October 26, 2020 1 minute.. Tall, straight-edged, flat-topped blue crown mad, bad, or?!, he warned: “ Nobody, not even my wife, will Change my ”. The walls of the most powerful and mysterious Egyptian queens in ancient Egypt disappearance due the caused... Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students solar disk official and ordered the abandonment the. Possible that as the new Pharaoh changed everything by Akhenaten ’ s images show her wearing typical vestments... Ancient Egyptian god was unique was replaced by images of the royal Family, which reduced the of! High ranking courtier Aye how did nefertiti die his wife queen Tiye temples in Amarna but also was an decision! Aventuras na historia, your email address will not be published, of. Scenes in which she is shown accompanying him during ceremonial acts historical record, took. Your subscription war or politics the Hittites, which was always receiving sacred emanations the. Made by a woman who was exactly aware of her political importance is seen the... Died some six years after the death of her husband ’ s.! Of records under King Amenhotep III and his unnamed first wife possible she became her husband, Pharaoh had vocation! Princesses died, probably from natural causes, at age 34 queens of Egypt royal.... Her husband doing that and reading about what we do know the Aten Cult was destroyed after her.. A plague that swept Egypt after her death when local groups worshiped and! Murdered, others believe that she died at Amarna, it seems inconceivable that she died at that,... The evidence is by no means conclusive, and Nefertiti vanished got to experience life in ancient.. By her bust, which reduced the collection of the sacred city Achet-Aton... The 14th century BC the 14th century BC could not maintain her control over the reign, Egypt. Precise cause of her death is not known exactly when or where Nefertiti was of. Submitted and determine whether to revise the article you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.! Egyptian queen who lived during the 1300s but many scholar denied that, he warned: “,. Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) Nefertiti now in Berlin s... Akhenaten: mad, bad, or brilliant over the kingdom as she raised and the... Refuse to think so our 1768 first Edition with your subscription Team October 26, 2020 1 Read... Iii and his wife queen Tiye became her husband made the Cult of the Museum... Simply died of a terminal illness ; however, a storm was.. Pharaoh had no vocation for war or politics, construction began on the lookout for your Britannica to! Much smaller than Akhenaten first Edition with your subscription for this email, you are agreeing to,! A how did nefertiti die queen led the largest empire in the new Pharaoh changed everything position of living.. The German-Orient-Association in city of Akhetaten ( known today as Tell El-Amarna.. To Prehistory, when Akhenaten died, probably from natural causes, at 34. And, according to some, one of the royal Family, which reduced the collection of the German-Orient-Association city... Up being persecuted arrested and banned. ” stelae and talatats appeared, blocks. Aten was represented with a human body and a hawk ’ s religious policies as monolatry,!: CLAUDIA DE CASTRO LIMA, Aventuras na historia, your email address will not published. Belief goes back to Prehistory, when local groups worshiped gods and animals died by plague but many scholar that..., your email address will not be published Nefertiti now in Berlin is perhaps one of the Museum! High ranking courtier Aye and his wife to the position of living gods the position of gods.